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Some studies have indicated that ketamine has a rapid antidepressant effects, but the underlying molecular mechanism is still unclear. Researchers have found that mature brain-derived neurotrophic factor (mBDNF) and its precursor proBDNF are related to depression; they elicit opposite effects on cellular functions. It is clear that tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) is a key regulatory element in the conversion of proBDNF to mBDNF. The chronic unpredicted mild stress (CUMS) procedure is a classical and reliable method to establish the model of depression. This study found that sucrose preference and locomotor activity were both reduced in CUMS-treated rats while were increased in those who were injected with ketamine. The hippocampal proBDNF/mBDNF ratio was downregulated after ketamine treatment in those rats, together with an increased level of tPA in the hippocampus. However, tPA activity was unaltered after ketamine intraperitoneal injection. Intrahippocampal injection of active plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (inhibitor of tPA) before ketamine treatment reversed the antidepressant effects and upregulated the proBDNF/mBDNF ratio. The results of this study suggest that the antidepressant action induced by ketamine may be related to tPA-mediated conversion of proBDNF to mBDNF in the hippocampus.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Psychiatry research
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A cyclohexanone derivative used for induction of anesthesia. Its mechanism of action is not well understood, but ketamine can block NMDA receptors (RECEPTORS, N-METHYL-D-ASPARTATE) and may interact with sigma receptors.
A hallucinogen formerly used as a veterinary anesthetic, and briefly as a general anesthetic for humans. Phencyclidine is similar to KETAMINE in structure and in many of its effects. Like ketamine, it can produce a dissociative state. It exerts its pharmacological action through inhibition of NMDA receptors (RECEPTORS, N-METHYL-D-ASPARTATE). As a drug of abuse, it is known as PCP and Angel Dust.
A serotonin uptake inhibitor that is used as an antidepressive agent. It has been shown to be effective in patients with major depressive disorders and other subsets of depressive disorders. It is generally more useful in depressive disorders associated with insomnia and anxiety. This drug does not aggravate psychotic symptoms in patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorders. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p309)
The application of methods designed to reduce the risk of harm associated with certain behaviors without reduction in frequency of those behaviors. The risk-associated behaviors include ongoing and active addictive behaviors.
Pattern of behavior which predisposes certain individuals to increased risk for contracting disease or sustaining personal injury. These behaviors may cluster into a risky lifestyle.
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Adhd Anorexia Depression Dyslexia Mental Health Psychiatry Schizophrenia Stress Mental health, although not being as obvious as physical health, is very important, causing great unhappiness to those affected, causing add...