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Working memory (WM) assessment is often part of cognitive-linguistic test batteries. The author examined the relationship between parent rating of WM functioning and children's performance-based WM, and the relationship of each with receptive and expressive spoken language measures. Study participants were eighty-three 7- to 11-year-old children. The sample represented a broad range of cognitive abilities. No participating child had frank neurological or intellectual disabilities, autism, fluency disorder, or hearing loss. Parents completed a standardized executive function rating scale that included a WM subscale. Children completed a standardized WM task and an experimental WM task. Children also completed six standardized language measures. Results showed that there was no correlation between parent rating and either of the performance-based WM tasks as well as the composite WM performance score. Parent rating of WM functioning was not related to any of the language scores whereas the composite WM performance score showed significant links with language abilities. Although parent rating and performance-based WM measures are designed to reflect the same cognitive construct, they are not correlated. Potential reasons for the findings and implications of using parent-rating and performance-based WM measures in school-age children are discussed.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of communication disorders
To show the effectiveness of a combined recognition and working memory training on everyday memory performance in patients suffering from organic memory disorders.
The stop-signal paradigm is the premier metric of behavioral inhibition in contemporary attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) research. The stop-signal paradigm's choice-reaction time compon...
Visual working memory capacity is estimated to be around 3-4 items, but on some trials participants fail to correctly report even a single item from the memory array. Such failures of working memory p...
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The purpose of this study is to investigate whether working memory training improves behavioral symptoms, neurocognitive performance, and neural functioning in young children with ADHD.
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Adolescents with single ventricle heart disease (SVHD) (10 males and 10 females) with mild to moderate cognitive impairment will participate in a total of 25 computer-based working memory ...
A performance measure for rating the ability of a person to perform usual activities, evaluating a patient's progress after a therapeutic procedure, and determining a patient's suitability for therapy. It is used most commonly in the prognosis of cancer therapy, usually after chemotherapy and customarily administered before and after therapy. It was named for Dr. David A. Karnofsky, an American specialist in cancer chemotherapy.
Measures of spatial cognition and memory.
A rating scale that measures INVOLUNTARY MOVEMENTS known as TARDIVE DYSKINESIA.
Type of declarative memory, consisting of personal memory in contrast to general knowledge.
Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
Alzheimer's Disease Anesthesia Anxiety Disorders Autism Bipolar Disorders Dementia Epilepsy Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Neurology Pain Parkinson's Disease Sleep Disorders Neurology is the branch of me...