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Revisiting the bilingual lexical deficit: The impact of age of acquisition.

08:00 EDT 11th September 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Revisiting the bilingual lexical deficit: The impact of age of acquisition."

Whereas the cognitive advantages brought about by bilingualism have recently been called into question, the so-called 'lexical deficit' in bilinguals is still largely taken for granted. Here, we argue that, in analogy with cognitive advantages, the lexical deficit does not apply across the board of bilinguals, but varies as a function of acquisition trajectory. To test this, we implement a novel methodological design, where the variables of bilingualism and first/second language status have been fully crossed in four different groups. While the results confirm effects of bilingualism on lexical proficiency and processing, they show more robust effects of age of acquisition. We conclude that the traditional view of the linguistic costs of bilingualism need to give way to a new understanding of lexical development in which age of acquisition is seen as a major determinant.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Cognition
ISSN: 1873-7838
Pages: 45-49

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