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Persulfate (PS)-based advanced oxidation processes have aroused considerable attentions due to their higher efficiency and wider adaptability to the degradation of bio-recalcitrant organic contaminants. In this study, Cu-Fe layered doubled hydroxide (CuFe-LDH) was employed to degrade Methyl Violet (MV) through heterogeneous photo-activation of PS under visible-light irradiation. The reaction kinetics, degradation mechanism, catalyst stability were investigated in detail. Under the conditions of CuFe-LDH (3:1) dosage 0.2 g/L, PS concentration 0.2 g/L and without initial pH adjustment, 20 mg/L MV was almost completely degraded within 18 min. Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) test and radical quenching experiment indicated that sulfate radicals (SO) were the dominant reactive oxidants for the MV decolorization, while hydroxyl radicals (OH) were also involved. The CuFe-LDH/PS/Vis system was applicable at wide range of pH level (3-9). However, extreme pH level would lead to the reduction or transformation of SO. The catalyst CuFe-LDH exhibited excellent stability and maintained relatively high catalytic activity to PS even after four recycles. Mechanism study revealed that the redox cycle of Fe/Fe and Cu/Cu assisted by visible-light irradiation accounted for the enhanced generation of radicals in CuFe-LDH/PS/Vis system, resulting in the improved degradation of organic contaminants. Overall, the CuFe-LDH/PS/Vis process could be a promising approach for the removal of refractory organic pollutants in wastewater.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of environmental management
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Derivatives of chondroitin which have a sulfate moiety esterified to the galactosamine moiety of chondroitin. Chondroitin sulfate A, or chondroitin 4-sulfate, and chondroitin sulfate C, or chondroitin 6-sulfate, have the sulfate esterified in the 4- and 6-positions, respectively. Chondroitin sulfate B (beta heparin; DERMATAN SULFATE) is a misnomer and this compound is not a true chondroitin sulfate.
An enzyme that catalyzes the activation of sulfate ions by ATP to form adenosine-5'-phosphosulfate and pyrophosphate. This reaction constitutes the first enzymatic step in sulfate utilization following the uptake of sulfate. EC 18.104.22.168.
Used as feed supplement for sheep and cattle since it is a good non-protein nitrogen source. In strongly alkaline solution biuret gives a violet color with copper sulfate.
A dye that is a mixture of violet rosanilinis with antibacterial, antifungal, and anthelmintic properties.
An arylsulfatase that catalyzes the hydrolysis of the 4-sulfate groups of the N-acetyl-D-galactosamine 4-sulfate units of chondroitin sulfate and dermatan sulfate. A deficiency of this enzyme is responsible for the inherited lysosomal disease, Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome (MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDOSIS VI). EC 22.214.171.124.