Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Gallbladder carcinoma (GC) is an uncommon malignancy with an overall 5-year survival of <5%. Due to overlap of clinical presentation with the more common cholecystitis, an estimated 50-65% of all GCs are found incidentally. Epithelial dysplasia is identified in ~50% of specimens with invasive carcinoma. Recent expert panel guidelines have recommended histologic examination of the entire gallbladder in cases where initial sampling reveals dysplasia. 89 cases of GC, 34 high grade dysplasia (HGD), and 60 low grade dysplasia (LGD) were identified in cholecystectomy specimens assessed at our institution over the last 15 years. Pre-operative imaging (either ultrasound or CT) only identified 52% of mass lesions in GC cases. Among gallbladder specimens with epithelial dysplasia only at initial sampling, additional sectioning was performed in 59% of HGD and 55% of LGD. Additional sectioning of gallbladder specimens with HGD had a higher yield (10%) for identifying invasive carcinoma than those with LGD (0 of 28). The diagnostic yield of additional sectioning is significantly higher in the setting of high grade as compared to low grade dysplasia, suggesting that sampling at the discretion of the pathologist may be sufficient for the latter.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Annals of diagnostic pathology
Gallbladder dysplasia can progress to cancer and may be associated with increased cancer risk at other biliary tract sites. Thus, its accurate identification is relevant both for etiologic understandi...
Gallbladder carcinoma has limited therapeutic options and a poor outcome with conventional therapy. Program death ligand (PD-L1) has been used as a potential target for immune checkpoint inhibitors in...
Primary squamous cell carcinoma of the gallbladder is extremely rare, and accounts for about 3% of all malignant gallbladder neoplasms.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a reliable imaging tool for evaluating gallbladder carcinoma, but it is costly and time-consuming.
Routine histopathological examination of all gallbladder specimens, regardless of the clinical characteristics of the patient or macroscopic aspect of the gallbladder, is the current approach to detec...
The purpose of this study is to see how people's diets, other aspects of their lifestyles affect their chances of getting gallbladder carcinoma. This survey will enroll several hundred pat...
PROFILE is a cohort study evaluating the progression of fibromuscular dysplasia lesions. This study is the prospective dimension of ARCADIA registry (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT0288...
This PHRC is centred on the intestinal epithelial dysplasia ( DEI) or " tufting enteropathy " or TE the clinical and histo-pathological descriptions of which are specified well to the dige...
Oral epithelial dysplasia (OED) is one of the common precancerous lesions among Chinese adults. Biomarker is not available for detection of malignant potential of OED till now. p16 is an i...
This trial is a prospective study, the main purpose of the study is to investigate the association between benign gallbladder disease and gallbladder carcinoma; to explain the timing of in...
A malignancy arising in uterine cervical epithelium and confined thereto, representing a continuum of histological changes ranging from well-differentiated CIN 1 (formerly, mild dysplasia) to severe dysplasia/carcinoma in situ, CIN 3. The lesion arises at the squamocolumnar cell junction at the transformation zone of the endocervical canal, with a variable tendency to develop invasive epidermoid carcinoma, a tendency that is enhanced by concomitant human papillomaviral infection. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
A sampling methodology using small sample sizes when conducting surveys in small geographical or population-based areas or lots.
Sampling of blood levels of the adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) by withdrawal of blood from the inferior petrosal sinus. The inferior petrosal sinus arises from the cavernous sinus and runs to the internal jugular vein. Sampling of blood at this level is a valuable tool in the differential diagnosis of Cushing disease, Cushing syndrome, and other adrenocortical diseases.
Carcinoma characterized by bands or cylinders of hyalinized or mucinous stroma separating or surrounded by nests or cords of small epithelial cells. When the cylinders occur within masses of epithelial cells, they give the tissue a perforated, sievelike, or cribriform appearance. Such tumors occur in the mammary glands, the mucous glands of the upper and lower respiratory tract, and the salivary glands. They are malignant but slow-growing, and tend to spread locally via the nerves. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A noninvasive (noninfiltrating) carcinoma of the breast characterized by a proliferation of malignant epithelial cells confined to the mammary ducts or lobules, without light-microscopy evidence of invasion through the basement membrane into the surrounding stroma.
Hepatology is the study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas, and diseases associated with them. This includes viral hepatitis, alcohol damage, cirrhosis and cancer. As modern lifestyles change, with alcoholism and cancer becoming more promi...
Astroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Barrett's Esophagus Celiac Disease Cholesterol Crohn's Disease Gastroenterology Hepatitis Hepatology Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Pancreatitis Peptic Ulcer Disease...