Dehydration Pathways for Glucose and Cellobiose During Fast Pyrolysis.

08:00 EDT 14th September 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Dehydration Pathways for Glucose and Cellobiose During Fast Pyrolysis."

A full understanding of all possible elementary reactions applicable to cellulose fast pyrolysis is key to developing a comprehensive kinetic model for fast pyrolysis of cellulose. Since water is an observed product of fast pyrolysis of cellulose, the energetics of the dehydration reactions of cellulose were explored computationally by using density functional theory (DFT). Glucose and cellobiose were selected as the cellulose model compounds. The four water loss mechanisms studied are: Maccoll elimination, Pinacol ring contraction, cyclic Grob fragmentation, and alcohol condensation, some of which have not been considered previously in the literature. Levoglucosan formation via alcohol condensation has the lowest calculated free energy barrier (50.4 kcal mol-1) for glucose dehydration. All other water loss reactions have calculated free energy barriers greater than 60 kcal mol-1. Cellobiose dehydration shows similar trends to those of glucose, suggesting that these reactions are applicable to glucooligosaccharides with higher degrees of polymerization. Secondary reactions of dehydrated glucose and dehydrated cellobiose via retro-Diels Alder and aldol rearrangement mechanisms are also explored computationally.  .


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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The journal of physical chemistry. A
ISSN: 1520-5215


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