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The first complete genomic structure of Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens and its chromid.

08:00 EDT 14th September 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "The first complete genomic structure of Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens and its chromid."

Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens forms part of the gastrointestinal microbiome of ruminants and other mammals, including humans. Indeed, it is one of the most common bacteria found in the rumen and plays an important role in ruminal fermentation of polysaccharides, yet, to date, there is no closed reference genome published for this species in any ruminant animal. We successfully assembled the nearly complete genome sequence of B. fibrisolvens strain INBov1 isolated from cow rumen using Illumina paired-end reads, 454 Roche single-end and mate pair sequencing technology. Additionally, we constructed an optical restriction map of this strain to aid in scaffold ordering and positioning, and completed the first genomic structure of this species. Moreover, we identified and assembled the first chromid of this species (pINBov266). The INBov1 genome encodes a large set of genes involved in the cellulolytic process but lacks key genes. This seems to indicate that B. fibrisolvens plays an important role in ruminal cellulolytic processes, but does not have autonomous cellulolytic capacity. When searching for genes involved in the biohydrogenation of unsaturated fatty acids, no linoleate isomerase gene was found in this strain. INBov1 does encode oleate hydratase genes known to participate in the hydrogenation of oleic acids. Furthermore, INBov1 contains an enolase gene, which has been recently determined to participate in the synthesis of conjugated linoleic acids. This work confirms the presence of a novel chromid in B. fibrisolvens and provides a new potential reference genome sequence for this species, providing new insight into its role in biohydrogenation and carbohydrate degradation.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Microbial genomics
ISSN: 2057-5858
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A species of Butyrivibrio that occurs primarily in the RUMEN where it has important activities in LIPID METABOLISM and the production of BUTYRATES.

Bacteria that can survive and grow in the complete, or nearly complete absence of oxygen.

Contiguous large-scale (1000-400,000 basepairs) differences in the genomic DNA between individuals, due to SEQUENCE DELETION; SEQUENCE INSERTION; or SEQUENCE INVERSION.

The systematic study of annotated genomic information to global protein expression in order to determine the relationship between genomic sequences and both expressed proteins and predicted protein sequences.

A method for analyzing and mapping differences in the copy number of specific genes or other large sequences between two sets of chromosomal DNA. It is used to look for large sequence changes such as deletions, duplications, or amplifications within the genomic DNA of an individual (with a tumor for example) or family members or population or between species.

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