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Liver transplantation for fulminant hepatitis due to yellow fever.

08:00 EDT 15th September 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Liver transplantation for fulminant hepatitis due to yellow fever."

A previously healthy 27-year-old female had 3 days of fever (40°C), headache, and myalgia. She had not been previously vaccinated for YF. Initial workup revealed 2,150 leukocytes/mm , 83,000 platelets/mm , AST 8462U/L and ALT 5249U/L (Figure 1). She was icteric with a heart rate of 60 bpm. The following day, a generalized seizure led to intubation, and renal failure led to hemodialysis. Transcranial doppler ultrasound showed signs of intracranial hypertension, cranial CT scan showed diffuse hypoattenuation and loss of grey-white differentiation; abdominal doppler ultrasound, and echocardiogram were normal. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.)
ISSN: 1527-3350
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A form of rapid-onset LIVER FAILURE, also known as fulminant hepatic failure, caused by severe liver injury or massive loss of HEPATOCYTES. It is characterized by sudden development of liver dysfunction and JAUNDICE. Acute liver failure may progress to exhibit cerebral dysfunction even HEPATIC COMA depending on the etiology that includes hepatic ISCHEMIA, drug toxicity, malignant infiltration, and viral hepatitis such as post-transfusion HEPATITIS B and HEPATITIS C.

Vaccine used to prevent YELLOW FEVER. It consists of a live attenuated 17D strain of the YELLOW FEVER VIRUS.

INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans due to infection by VIRUSES. There are several significant types of human viral hepatitis with infection caused by enteric-transmission (HEPATITIS A; HEPATITIS E) or blood transfusion (HEPATITIS B; HEPATITIS C; and HEPATITIS D).

INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans that is caused by HEPATITIS C VIRUS lasting six months or more. Chronic hepatitis C can lead to LIVER CIRRHOSIS.

INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS DELTA VIRUS, a defective RNA virus that can only infect HEPATITIS B patients. For its viral coating, hepatitis delta virus requires the HEPATITIS B SURFACE ANTIGENS produced by these patients. Hepatitis D can occur either concomitantly with (coinfection) or subsequent to (superinfection) hepatitis B infection. Similar to hepatitis B, it is primarily transmitted by parenteral exposure, such as transfusion of contaminated blood or blood products, but can also be transmitted via sexual or intimate personal contact.

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