Advertisement

Topics

Quantitative assessment of DNA damage in the industrial ethanol production strain Saccharomyces cerevisiae PE-2.

08:00 EDT 14th September 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Quantitative assessment of DNA damage in the industrial ethanol production strain Saccharomyces cerevisiae PE-2."

Lignocellulosic hydrolysates remain one of the most abundantly used substrates for the sustainable production of second generation fuels and chemicals with Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Nevertheless, fermentation inhibitors such as acetic acid, furfural and hydroxymethylfurfural are formed during the process and can lead to slow or stuck fermentations and/or act as genotoxic agents leading to production strain genetic instability. We have developed a novel dominant deletion (DEL) cassette assay for quantification of DNA damage in both wild-type and industrial yeast strains. Using this assay, the ethanol production strain S. cerevisiae PE-2 was shown to be more resistant to hydrogen peroxide and furfural than the laboratory DEL strain RS112. Indeed, the PE-2 strain also showed a lower tendency for recombination, consistent with a more efficient DNA protection. The dominant DEL assay presented herein should prove to be a useful tool in the selection of robust yeast strains and process conditions for second generation feedstock fermentations.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: FEMS yeast research
ISSN: 1567-1364
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [21552 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Elimination of biosynthetic pathways for l-valine and l-isoleucine in mitochondria enhances isobutanol production in engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Saccharomyces cerevisiae has a natural ability to produce higher alcohols, making it a promising candidate for production of isobutanol. However, the several pathways competing with isobutanol biosynt...

Direct conversion of cellulose into ethanol and ethyl-β-d-glucoside via engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) of cellulose via engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a sustainable solution to valorize cellulose into fuels and chemicals. In this study, we de...

Xylitol production from lignocellulosic whole slurry corn cob by engineered industrial Saccharomyces cerevisiae PE-2.

In this work, the industrial Saccharomyces cerevisiae PE-2 strain, presenting innate capacity for xylitol accumulation, was engineered for xylitol production by overexpression of the endogenous GRE3 g...

Enhancing Yeast Alcoholic Fermentations.

The production of ethanol by yeast fermentation represents the largest of all global biotechnologies. Consequently, the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is the world's premier industrial microorganism, ...

Metabolic engineering strategies for improvement of ethanol production in cellulolytic Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

As a traditional ethanol-producing microorganism, Saccharomyces cerevisiae is an ideal host for consolidated bioprocessing (CBP). However, expression of heterologous cellulase increases the metabolic ...

Clinical Trials [5923 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

The Effects of Ethanol on Intestinal Permeability and Gut Hormones

The aime of this study is to envsitigate if ethanol has an incretin effect. This is done by administration of ethanol orally vs. an isoethanolaemic i.v. infusion of ethanol.

Systemic and Local Diffusion of Ethanol After Administration of Ethanol 96% Formulated in a Gel and Ethanol 98% Solution by the Percutaneous Route, in Patients With Congenital Venous Malformations:Pharmacokinetic, Pharmacodynamic and Clinical Study.

Absolute ethanol has been used "off-label" as an unmodified formulation (solution) in CVM. Despite its effectiveness, absolute ethanol appears difficult to handle because of its high diffu...

Probiotics and Examination-related Stress in Healthy Medical Students

Probiotics are live microorganisms exhibiting multiple properties beneficial to health. An increasing body of evidence indicates that probiotics may support healthy brain function and may ...

Substrate Metabolism During Exercise Following Ingestion of Ethanol

This study will investigate how ethanol (pure alcohol) influences carbohydrate and fat metabolism during prolonged, moderate intensity exercise. Participants will perform two bouts of cycl...

Effectiveness of Saccharomyces Boulardii for Gastrointestinal Bacterial-overgrowth in Systemic Sclerosis

Introduction. Autonomic dysfunction, smooth muscle fibrosis and vascular damage lead to small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) in Systemic Sclerosis (SSc). SIBO is characterized by d...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The dry cells of any suitable strain of SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE or CANDIDA. It can be obtained as a by-product from the brewing of beer or by growing on media not suitable for beer production. Dried yeast serves as a source of protein and VITAMIN B COMPLEX.

A species of Saccharomyces that is used as a PROBIOTIC, such as in the treatment of DIARRHEA and PSEUDOMEMBRANOUS ENTEROCOLITIS associated with CLOSTRIDIUM INFECTIONS.

Toxic, volatile, flammable liquid hydrocarbon byproduct of coal distillation. It is used as an industrial solvent in paints, varnishes, lacquer thinners, gasoline, etc. Benzene causes central nervous system damage acutely and bone marrow damage chronically and is carcinogenic. It was formerly used as parasiticide.

Locations, on the GENOME, of GENES or other genetic elements that encode or control the expression of a quantitative trait (QUANTITATIVE TRAIT, HERITABLE).

A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as "baker's" or "brewer's" yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Bioinformatics
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...

Assays
An assay is an analytic procedure for qualitatively assessing or quantitatively measuring the presence or amount or the functional activity of a target entity.  This can be a drug or biochemical substance or a cell in an organism or organic sample. ...


Searches Linking to this Article