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The use of mixed culture fermentations with selected Starmerella bacillaris and Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains is gaining winemaking attention, mainly due to their ability to enhance particular characteristics in the resulting wines. In this context, yeast interspecies interactions during fermentation have a fundamental role to determine the desired product characteristics, since they may modulate yeast growth and as a consequence metabolite production. In order to get an insight into these interactions, the growth and death kinetics of the abovementioned species were investigated in pure and mixed culture fermentations, using cv. Nebbiolo grape must. Trials were conducted in flasks but also in a double-compartment fermentation system in which cells of the two species were kept separate by a filter membrane. Although the two species had similar growth pattern during the first days of fermentation, Starm. bacillaris died earlier when tested in the flask than in the double-compartment fermentor. The early death of Starm. bacillaris seemed to be not caused by nutrient limitation nor by accumulation of growth inhibitory compounds (which were not measured in the present study). Rather, cell-to-cell contact mechanism, dependent on the presence of viable S. cerevisiae cells, appears to be responsible for the observations made. These results contribute to better understand the factors that influence Starm. bacillaris death during wine fermentations.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of food microbiology
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The decrease in the cell's ability to proliferate with the passing of time. Each cell is programmed for a certain number of cell divisions and at the end of that time proliferation halts. The cell enters a quiescent state after which it experiences CELL DEATH via the process of APOPTOSIS.
Arrest of cell locomotion or cell division when two cells come into contact.
One of the mechanisms by which CELL DEATH occurs (compare with NECROSIS and AUTOPHAGOCYTOSIS). Apoptosis is the mechanism responsible for the physiological deletion of cells and appears to be intrinsically programmed. It is characterized by distinctive morphologic changes in the nucleus and cytoplasm, chromatin cleavage at regularly spaced sites, and the endonucleolytic cleavage of genomic DNA; (DNA FRAGMENTATION); at internucleosomal sites. This mode of cell death serves as a balance to mitosis in regulating the size of animal tissues and in mediating pathologic processes associated with tumor growth.
An error-prone mechanism or set of functions for repairing damaged microbial DNA. SOS functions (a concept reputedly derived from the SOS of the international distress signal) are involved in DNA repair and mutagenesis, in cell division inhibition, in recovery of normal physiological conditions after DNA repair, and possibly in cell death when DNA damage is extensive.
A costimulatory B7 antigen that has specificity for the T-CELL receptor PROGRAMMED CELL DEATH 1 RECEPTOR. It is closely-related to CD274 antigen; however, its expression is restricted to DENDRITIC CELLS and activated MACROPHAGES.