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Anthocyanin and proanthocyanidin (PA) accumulation is regulated by both MYB activators and repressors, but little information is available on hierarchical interactions between the positive and negative regulators. Here, we report on a R2R3-MYB repressor in peach, designated PpMYB18, which acts as a negative regulator of anthocyanin and PA accumulation. PpMYB18 can be activated by both anthocyanin- and PA-related MYB activators, and is expressed both at fruit ripening and juvenile stages when anthocyanins or Pas, respectively, are being synthesized. The PpMYB18 protein competes with MYB activators for binding to bHLHs, which develops a fine-tuning regulatory loop to balance PA and anthocyanin accumulation. In addition, the bHLH binding motif in the R3 domain and the C1 and C2 repression motifs in the C-terminus of PpMYB18 both confer repressive activity of PpMYB18. Our study also demonstrates a modifying negative feedback loop, which prevents cells from excess accumulation of anthocyanin and PAs, and serves as a model for balancing secondary metabolite accumulation at the transcriptional level. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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Name: The New phytologist
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An extracellular receptor specific for UROKINASE-TYPE PLASMINOGEN ACTIVATOR. It is attached to the cell membrane via a GLYCOSYLPHOSPHATIDYLINOSITOL LINKAGE and plays a role in the co-localization of urokinase-type plasminogen activator with PLASMINOGEN.
A transcriptional co-repressor that contains a MYND-type zinc finger (MYND DOMAIN) at its C-terminal and functions as a homo-oligomer. It associates with DNA-binding transcription factors, other repressor proteins, and HISTONE ACETYLTRANSFERASES to repress expression of genes involved in cell growth and differentiation such as MATRIX METALLOPROTEINASE 7 and TCF12. A CHROMOSOMAL TRANSLOCATION involving the RUNX1T1 and CORE BINDING FACTOR ALPHA 2 SUBUNIT (RUNX1) genes frequently occurs in cells of leukemia patients; the resulting fusion protein (AML1-ETO or RUNX1-RUNX1T1) plays a critical role in leukemogenesis.
A TALE-type homeodomain protein and transcription factor that binds the DNA sequence 5'-ATCAATCAA-3'. It forms a heterodimer with MEIS1 TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR and functions as a transcriptional activator of HOMEOBOX PROTEIN NKX-2.5 and ELONGIN A, and as a transcriptional repressor of CDKN2B PROTEIN, in the regulation of developmental and morphogenetic processes such as spleen and limb development. Chromosome translocations involving the PBX1 and TCF3 genes occur in cases of pre-B-cell ACUTE LYMPHOID LEUKEMIA.
A member of the serpin family of proteins. It inhibits both the tissue-type and urokinase-type plasminogen activators.
Member of the serpin family of proteins. It inhibits both the tissue-type and urokinase-type plasminogen activators.
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