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Computational Feasibility of an Exhaustive Search of Side-Chain Conformations in Protein-Protein Docking.

08:00 EDT 18th September 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Computational Feasibility of an Exhaustive Search of Side-Chain Conformations in Protein-Protein Docking."

Protein-protein docking procedures typically perform the global scan of the proteins relative positions, followed by the local refinement of the putative matches. Because of the size of the search space, the global scan is usually implemented as rigid-body search, using computationally inexpensive intermolecular energy approximations. An adequate refinement has to take into account structural flexibility. Since the refinement performs conformational search of the interacting proteins, it is extremely computationally challenging, given the enormous amount of the internal degrees of freedom. Different approaches limit the search space by restricting the search to the side chains, rotameric states, coarse-grained structure representation, principal normal modes, and so on. Still, even with the approximations, the refinement presents an extreme computational challenge due to the very large number of the remaining degrees of freedom. Given the complexity of the search space, the advantage of the exhaustive search is obvious. The obstacle to such search is computational feasibility. However, the growing computational power of modern computers, especially due to the increasing utilization of Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) with large amount of specialized computing cores, extends the ranges of applicability of the brute-force search methods. This proof-of-concept study demonstrates computational feasibility of an exhaustive search of side-chain conformations in protein pocking. The procedure, implemented on the GPU architecture, was used to generate the optimal conformations in a large representative set of protein-protein complexes. © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of computational chemistry
ISSN: 1096-987X
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