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Role of ghrelin in pancreatic development and function.

08:00 EDT 1st September 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Role of ghrelin in pancreatic development and function."

Ghrelin is a gastric peptide with anabolic functions. It acutely stimulates growth hormone (GH) secretion from the anterior pituitary glands and modulates hypothalamic circuits that control food intake and energy expenditure. Besides its central activity, ghrelin is also involved in the regulation of pancreatic development and physiology. Particularly, several studies highlighted the ability of ghrelin to sustain β-cell viability and proliferation. Furthermore, ghrelin seems to exert inhibitory effects on pancreatic acinar and endocrine secretory functions. Due to its pleiotropic activity on energy metabolism, ghrelin has become a topic of great interest for experimental research focused on type II diabetes and obesity. The aim of this review is to illustrate the complex and not fully understood interplay between ghrelin, pancreas and glucose homeostasis.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Diabetes, obesity & metabolism
ISSN: 1463-1326
Pages: 3-10

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A 28-amino acid, acylated, orexigenic peptide that is a ligand for GROWTH HORMONE SECRETAGOGUE RECEPTORS. Ghrelin is widely expressed but primarily in the stomach in the adults. Ghrelin acts centrally to stimulate growth hormone secretion and food intake, and peripherally to regulate energy homeostasis. Its large precursor protein, known as appetite-regulating hormone or motilin-related peptide, contains ghrelin and obestatin.

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