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Directed evolutionary approach and random mutagenesis were performed on thermotolerant yeast Kluyveromyces marxianus KCTC17694 for isolating a yeast strain producing ethanol from xylose efficiently. The isolated mutant strain, K. marxianus 17694-DH1, showed 290% and 131% improvement in ethanol concentration and ethanol production yield from xylose, respectively, as compared with the parental strain. Sequencing of the KmXYL1 gene of K. marxianus 17694-DH1 revealed substitutions of arginine and tryptophan with lysine and leucine at positions 25 and 202, respectively, as compared to the parental strain. In addition, sequencing of the KmXYL2 gene uncovered a substitution of glutamate with leucine at position 232. When enzymatic assays of xylose reductase (XR) and xylitol dehydrogenase (XDH) from the parental strain and K. marxianus 17694-DH1 were performed, XR activities were not significantly different whereas XDH activities were significantly improved in the mutant strain up to 50 °C of reaction temperatures. RNA-Seq based transcriptome analysis showed that alcohol dehydrogenases and glucose transporters were up-regulated while TCA cycle involved enzymes were down-regulated in K. marxianus 17694-DH1.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Bioprocess and biosystems engineering
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An ascomycetous yeast of the fungal family Saccharomycetaceae, order SACCHAROMYCETALES.
Polysaccharides consisting of xylose units.
A five-carbon sugar alcohol derived from XYLOSE by reduction of the carbonyl group. It is as sweet as sucrose and used as a noncariogenic sweetener.
The decarboxylation product of UDPglucuronic acid, which is used for formation of the xylosides of seryl hydroxyl groups in mucoprotein synthesis. Also forms plant xylans.
DNA sequencing is the process of determining the precise order of nucleotides within a DNA molecule. During DNA sequencing, the bases of a small fragment of DNA are sequentially identified from signals emitted as each fragment is re-synthesized from a ...
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...
Immunoassay - ELISA
Immunoassays are quick and accurate tests to detect specific molecules. Immunoassays rely on an antibody to bind to the specific structure of a molecule. Antibodies are proteins generated by animals in response to the invasion of a foreign molecule (anti...