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Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has been promoted for its beneficial effects on tissue healing and pain relief for skin and oral applications. However, there is no corresponding literature reporting on vocal fold wound healing. Our purpose was to assess the potential wound-healing effects of LLLT on primary human vocal fold epithelial cells (VFECs). In this study, normal vocal fold tissue was obtained from a 58-year-old male patient who was diagnosed with postcricoid carcinoma without involvement of the vocal folds and underwent total laryngectomy. Primary VFECs were then cultured. Cells were irradiated at a wavelength of 635 nm with fluences of 1, 4, 8, 12, 16, and 20 J/cm (50 mW/cm), which correspond to irradiation times of 20, 80, 160, 240, 320, and 400 s, respectively. Cell viability of VFECs in response to varying doses of LLLT was investigated by the Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) method. The most effective irradiation dose was selected to evaluate the cell migration capacity by using the scratch wound-healing assay. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to detect the gene expression of TGF-β1, TGF-β3, EGF, IL-6, and IL-10. Irradiation with doses of 8 J/cm resulted in 4% increases in cell proliferation differing significantly from the control group (p < 0.05). With subsequent doses at 48 and 72 h after irradiation, the differences between the experimental and the control groups became greater, up to 9.8% (p < 0.001) and 19.5% (p < 0.001), respectively. It also increased cell migration and the expression of some genes, such as EGF, TGF-β1, TGF-β3, and IL-10, involved in the tissue healing process. This study concludes that LLLT at the preset parameters was capable of stimulating the proliferation and migration of human vocal fold epithelial cells in culture as well as increase the expression of some genes involved in tissue healing process. Additionally, successive laser treatments at 24 h intervals have an additive beneficial effect on the healing of injured tissues.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Lasers in medical science
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