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To investigate aging-dependent changes in taste sensitivities, we performed behavioral tests regarding taste sensitivity among young and old SAMP1 mice. In this senescence-accelerated mice model, dramatic changes in taste sensitivities were observed at least 70 weeks old. As for in a brief access test, old mice showed significantly increased taste sensitivity to bitter, salty, sweet, and umami tastes. On the other hand, in a two-bottle test, avoidance of bitter and salty tastes increased, while preference for umami decreased with aging. To investigate the participation of peripheral taste detection systems in the observed changes, we analyzed both the expression of representative taste-related molecules and also turnover rates of taste bud cells. The mRNA expressions of the bitter taste receptor Tas2r105 and its coupled G protein gustducin were significantly decreased with aging. However, the majority of molecules tested did not show significant expression changes. In addition, no significant differences in the turnover rates of taste bud cells were observed between the two age groups. These results suggest that the changes in taste sensitivity of SAMP1 mice due to aging are caused by factors other than the deterioration of taste detection systems in the oral cavity.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Experimental gerontology
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Changes in the organism associated with senescence, occurring at an accelerated rate.
An abnormal congenital condition, associated with defects in the LAMIN TYPE A gene, which is characterized by premature aging in children, where all the changes of cell senescence occur. It is manifested by premature greying; hair loss; hearing loss (DEAFNESS); cataracts (CATARACT); ARTHRITIS; OSTEOPOROSIS; DIABETES MELLITUS; atrophy of subcutaneous fat; skeletal hypoplasia; elevated urinary HYALURONIC ACID; and accelerated ATHEROSCLEROSIS. Many affected individuals develop malignant tumors, especially SARCOMA.
Physicians specializing in physiological and pathological aspects of aging and the aged, including the clinical problems of senescence and senility.
The senescence of RED BLOOD CELLS. Lacking the organelles that make protein synthesis possible, the mature erythrocyte is incapable of self-repair, reproduction, and carrying out certain functions performed by other cells. This limits the average life span of an erythrocyte to 120 days.
Process by which cells irreversibly stop dividing and enter a state of permanent growth arrest without undergoing CELL DEATH. Senescence can be induced by DNA DAMAGE or other cellular stresses, such as OXIDATIVE STRESS.
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