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Unique methionine-aromatic interactions govern the calmodulin redox sensor.

08:00 EDT 19th September 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Unique methionine-aromatic interactions govern the calmodulin redox sensor."

Calmodulin contains multiple redox sensitive methionines whose oxidation alters the regulation of numerous targets. Molecular dynamics simulations were used to define the molecular principles that govern how calmodulin is structurally poised to detect and respond to methionine oxidation. We found that calmodulin's open and closed states were preferentially stabilized by unique, redox sensitive, methionine-aromatic interactions. Key methionine-aromatic interactions were coupled to reorientation of EF hand helices. Methionine to glutamine substitutions designed to mimic methionine oxidation strongly altered conformational transitions by modulating the strength of methionine-aromatic interactions. Together, these results suggest a broadly applicable redox sensing mechanism though which methionine oxidation by cellular oxidants alters the strength of methionine-aromatic interactions critical for functional protein dynamics.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Biochemical and biophysical research communications
ISSN: 1090-2104
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A preparation of METHIONINE that includes a mixture of D-methionine and L-methionine isomers.

A stable synthetic analog of methionine enkephalin (ENKEPHALIN, METHIONINE). Actions are similar to those of methionine enkephalin. Its effects can be reversed by narcotic antagonists such as naloxone.

Reductases that catalyze the reaction of peptide-L-methionine -S-oxide + thioredoxin to produce peptide-L-methionine + thioredoxin disulfide + H(2)O.

A regulatory calcium-calmodulin-dependent protein kinase that specifically phosphorylates CALCIUM-CALMODULIN-DEPENDENT PROTEIN KINASE TYPE 1; CALCIUM-CALMODULIN-DEPENDENT PROTEIN KINASE TYPE 2; CALCIUM-CALMODULIN-DEPENDENT PROTEIN KINASE TYPE 4; and PROTEIN KINASE B. It is a monomeric enzyme that is encoded by at least two different genes.

An enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of S-adenosylmethionine from methionine and ATP. EC 2.5.1.6.

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