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Population pharmacokinetics of carboplatin, etoposide and melphalan in children: A re-evaluation of paediatric dosing formulas for carboplatin in patients with normal or mild impairment of renal function.

08:00 EDT 27th September 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Population pharmacokinetics of carboplatin, etoposide and melphalan in children: A re-evaluation of paediatric dosing formulas for carboplatin in patients with normal or mild impairment of renal function."

Carboplatin is dosed by the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) to achieve target plasma area under the curve (AUC). The aims of this study were to investigate factors that influence the pharmacokinetics of carboplatin in children with high-risk neuroblastoma and to investigate whether target exposures for carboplatin were achieved using current treatment protocols.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: British journal of clinical pharmacology
ISSN: 1365-2125
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A semisynthetic derivative of PODOPHYLLOTOXIN that exhibits antitumor activity. Etoposide inhibits DNA synthesis by forming a complex with topoisomerase II and DNA. This complex induces breaks in double stranded DNA and prevents repair by topoisomerase II binding. Accumulated breaks in DNA prevent entry into the mitotic phase of cell division, and lead to cell death. Etoposide acts primarily in the G2 and S phases of the cell cycle.

An alkylating nitrogen mustard that is used as an antineoplastic in the form of the levo isomer - MELPHALAN, the racemic mixture - MERPHALAN, and the dextro isomer - MEDPHALAN; toxic to bone marrow, but little vesicant action; potential carcinogen.

Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.

Evaluation of the level of physical, physiological, or mental functioning in the older population group.

An organoplatinum compound that possesses antineoplastic activity.

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