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Genome mining for the search and discovery of bioactive compounds: The Streptomyces paradigm.

08:00 EDT 27th September 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Genome mining for the search and discovery of bioactive compounds: The Streptomyces paradigm."

The need for new antimicrobials is indisputable. The flight from natural products in drug discovery was unfortunate. However, the revolution that is genome mining, enabled by the explosion in sequencing technology, is a cause for hope. Nevertheless, renewed search and discovery is still a challenge. We explore novel metabolite diversity and the challenges in Streptomyces. Estimating novel bioactive metabolites remaining to be discovered is an important driver for future investment. Frequent re-discovery of known natural products was a major factor in big pharma exiting search and discovery and remains a reality. We explore whether this is exhaustive isolation and frequent lateral gene transfer. Analyzing all biosynthetic gene clusters across all genomes is challenging. Therefore, representative examples of the patterns of secondary metabolite diversity suggest re-discovery is linked to frequent expression in frequently isolated (and frequently mis-identified) strains. Lateral gene transfer of complete biosynthetic clusters is less frequent than might be perceived but frequent gene exchange implies a massive combinatorial biosynthesis experiment. Genome sequencing emphasizes rare expression of many secondary metabolite gene clusters and diversification at the finest levels of phylogenetic discrimination. And, we are only just beginning to unravel the impact of ecology. The hidden diversity suggests that cluster cloning and heterologous expression in microbial cell factories will explore this diversity more effectively.

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Name: FEMS microbiology letters
ISSN: 1574-6968
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