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We present a dynamic atlas composed of neuromelanin-enhanced magnetic resonance brain images of 40 healthy subjects. The performance of this atlas is evaluated on the fully automated segmentation of two paired neuromelanin-rich brainstem healthy structures: the substantia nigra pars compacta and the locus coeruleus. We show that our dynamic atlas requires in average 60% less images, and therefore 60% less computation time than a static multi-image atlas, while achieving similar segmentation performance. Then, we show that by applying our dynamic atlas, composed of healthy subjects, to the segmentation and neuromelanin quantification of a set of brain images of 39 Parkinson disease patients, we are able to find significant quantitative differences in the level of neuromelanin between healthy subjects and Parkinson disease patients, thus opening the door to the use of these structures as image biomarkers in future Computer Aided Diagnosis systems for the diagnosis of Parkinson disease.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: IEEE transactions on medical imaging
Atlas-based automatic segmentation is used in radiotherapy planning to accelerate the delineation of organs at risk (OARs). Atlas selection has been proposed as a way to improve the accuracy and execu...
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Neuromelanin is a pigment with strong iron-chelating properties preferentially found in dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc). Parkinson's disease is characterized by prono...
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To generate pilot data to investigate the potential to use in vivo iron- and neuromelanin-quantification as imaging tools for the diagnostic evaluation of movement disorders with predomina...
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A dynamic actin-rich extension of the surface of an animal cell used for locomotion or prehension of food.
Diseases characterized by a selective degeneration of the motor neurons of the spinal cord, brainstem, or motor cortex. Clinical subtypes are distinguished by the major site of degeneration. In AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS there is involvement of upper, lower, and brainstem motor neurons. In progressive muscular atrophy and related syndromes (see MUSCULAR ATROPHY, SPINAL) the motor neurons in the spinal cord are primarily affected. With progressive bulbar palsy (BULBAR PALSY, PROGRESSIVE), the initial degeneration occurs in the brainstem. In primary lateral sclerosis, the cortical neurons are affected in isolation. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1089)
Objective tests of middle ear function based on the difficulty (impedance) or ease (admittance) of sound flow through the middle ear. These include static impedance and dynamic impedance (i.e., tympanometry and impedance tests in conjunction with intra-aural muscle reflex elicitation). This term is used also for various components of impedance and admittance (e.g., compliance, conductance, reactance, resistance, susceptance).
A family of proline-rich proteins that constitute the majority of the protein component of SALIVA. Salivary proline-rich proteins occur as acidic, basic and glycosylated basic proteins. They perform a variety of functions such as adhering to the acquired ENAMEL PELLICLE, acting as lubricants and precipitating TANNINS.
The joint involving the CERVICAL ATLAS and axis bones.
Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
Alzheimer's Disease Anesthesia Anxiety Disorders Autism Bipolar Disorders Dementia Epilepsy Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Neurology Pain Parkinson's Disease Sleep Disorders Neurology is the branch of me...