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Nasal immunization with RSV F and G protein fragments conjugated to an M cell-targeting ligand induces an enhanced immune response and protection against RSV infection.

08:00 EDT 2nd October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Nasal immunization with RSV F and G protein fragments conjugated to an M cell-targeting ligand induces an enhanced immune response and protection against RSV infection."

Human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a major paediatric health concern worldwide. The development of an effective and safe vaccine against RSV is urgently needed. As RSV infects via the mucosal surfaces, developing a nasal vaccine may offer protective benefits over alternative administration routes. In this study, we tested a recombinant protein FG-Gb1 as an intranasal vaccine candidate against RSV. FG-Gb1 consists of the core fragments of the RSV fusion (F) and attachment (G) proteins conjugated to an microfold (M) cell-specific ligand Gb-1. Intranasal immunization with FG-Gb1 induced efficient systemic and mucosal immune responses as measured by the level of antigen-specific antibodies, cytokine-secreting cells and antigen-specific lymphocyte proliferation after exposure to antigen. Moreover, intranasal immunization induced protective immunity against nasal challenge with RSV, which was confirmed by a lack of weight loss and by viral clearance after challenge. Collectively, we confirmed that a ligand capable of targeting the conjugated antigen to nasopharynx-associated lymphoid tissue (NALT) can be used as an effective nasal vaccine adjuvant to induce protective immunity against RSV infection. Moreover, FG-Gb1 may have promise as an RSV vaccine but requires further studies.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Antiviral research
ISSN: 1872-9096
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Any immunization following a primary immunization and involving exposure to the same or a closely related antigen.

Deliberate stimulation of the host's immune response. ACTIVE IMMUNIZATION involves administration of ANTIGENS or IMMUNOLOGIC ADJUVANTS. PASSIVE IMMUNIZATION involves administration of IMMUNE SERA or LYMPHOCYTES or their extracts (e.g., transfer factor, immune RNA) or transplantation of immunocompetent cell producing tissue (thymus or bone marrow).

A minichromosome maintenance protein that is a key component of the six member MCM protein complex. It contains a NUCLEAR LOCALIZATION SIGNAL, which provide targeting of the protein complex. In addition, acetylation of this protein may play a role in regulating of DNA replication and cell cycle progression.

Fluid obtained by irrigation or washout of the nasal cavity and NASAL MUCOSA. The resulting fluid is used in cytologic and immunologic assays of the nasal mucosa such as with the NASAL PROVOCATION TEST in the diagnosis of nasal hypersensitivity.

The proximal portion of the respiratory passages on either side of the NASAL SEPTUM. Nasal cavities, extending from the nares to the NASOPHARYNX, are lined with ciliated NASAL MUCOSA.

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