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Images acquired in transmission electron microscopes can be distorted for various reasons such as e.g. aberrations of the lenses of the imaging system or inaccuracies of the image recording system. This results in inaccuracies of measures obtained from the distorted images. Here we report on measurement and correction of elliptical distortions of diffraction patterns. The effect of this correction on the measurement of crystal lattice strain is investigated. We show that the effect of the distortions is smaller than the precision of the measurement in cases where the strain is obtained from shifts of diffracted discs with respect to their positions in images acquired in an unstrained reference area of the sample. This can be explained by the fact that diffraction patterns acquired in the strain free reference area of the sample are distorted in the same manner as the diffraction patterns acquired in the strained region of interest. In contrast, for samples without a strain free reference region such as nanoparticles or nanoporous structures, where we evaluate ratios of lattice plane distances along different directions, the distortions are usually not negligible. Furthermore, two techniques for the detection of diffraction disc positions are compared showing that for samples in which the crystal orientation changes over the investigated area it is more precise to detect the positions of many diffraction discs simultaneously instead of detecting each disc position independently.
This article was published in the following journal.
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Method of using a polycrystalline powder and Rietveld refinement (LEAST SQUARES ANALYSIS) of X-RAY DIFFRACTION or NEUTRON DIFFRACTION. It circumvents the difficulties of producing single large crystals.
The scattering of x-rays by matter, especially crystals, with accompanying variation in intensity due to interference effects. Analysis of the crystal structure of materials is performed by passing x-rays through them and registering the diffraction image of the rays (CRYSTALLOGRAPHY, X-RAY). (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The scattering of NEUTRONS by matter, especially crystals, with accompanying variation in intensity due to interference effects. It is useful in CRYSTALLOGRAPHY and POWDER DIFFRACTION.
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An inbred strain of mouse that is used as a general purpose research strain, for therapeutic drug testing, and for the genetic analysis of CARCINOGEN-induced COLON CANCER.