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In brief, perioperative oral intervention consists of elimination of odontogenic foci and maintenance of oral hygiene in patients undergoing surgery. The importance of oral intervention before, during, and after medical treatments is well-known, especially in cancer patients, because odontogenic foci such as untreated deep dental caries or periodontitis can cause systemic infection in patients with myelosuppression resulting from chemotherapy. Although perioperative oral intervention is currently recommended for patients with cardiovascular disease, its efficacy in this population has not been established. This article consists of three sections: first, we review the current knowledge about the association between dental disease and cardiovascular disease to show the importance of oral hygiene maintenance and the risks of invasive dental procedures in patients with cardiovascular disease; second, we introduce pertinent, but limited evidence concerning the effect of oral care in preventing postoperative pneumonia; and finally, we present the optimal strategy for perioperative oral intervention in cardiovascular surgery patients.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: General thoracic and cardiovascular surgery
The purpose of the present study is to assess the perioperative changes in the cognitive function of patients after cardiovascular surgery (CVS) and to find out risk factors for early postoperative co...
Elevated Presepsin Is Associated With Perioperative Major Adverse Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Complications in Elevated-Risk Patients Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery: The Leukocytes and Cardiovascular Perioperative Events Study.
Perioperative major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) are incompletely understood, and risk prediction is imprecise. Atherogenic leukocytes are crucial in cardiovascular event...
The effect of perioperative bridging therapy on risks of ischemic cardiac events and major bleeding complications in patients on dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) following percutaneous coronary interv...
Oral and maxillofacial surgeons often treat patients with both diagnosed and undiagnosed obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Patients with OSA are at substantial risk of perioperative and postoperative com...
national reports highlight deficiencies in the care of older patients undergoing surgery. A 2013 survey showed less than a third of NHS trusts had geriatrician-led perioperative medicine services for ...
The prevention of perioperative atrial fibrillation has the potential to reduce mortality, stroke, and hospital stays in patients undergoing thoracic surgery. Data from cardiac surgery pat...
The study goal is to compare surgeon-palliative care team co-management, versus surgeon alone management, of patients and family members preparing for major cancer surgery. The study also ...
Surgical outcome is associated the nutritional status of the patients. Perioperative nutritional supplement for malnutritional patient were recommended. There are several guidelines were r...
Patients with underlying cardiovascular disease are at high risk of perioperative cardiovascular events and death. Hemodynamic variables are controlled by the autonomic nervous system refl...
This study aims to estimate the perioperative mortality rate in adult trauma patients undergoing acute surgery as well as the association between type of acute surgery and perioperative mo...
Care of patients by a multidisciplinary team usually organized under the leadership of a physician; each member of the team has specific responsibilities and the whole team contributes to the care of the patient.
A branch of dentistry dealing with diseases of the oral and paraoral structures and the oral management of systemic diseases. (Hall, What is Oral Medicine, Anyway? Clinical Update: National Naval Dental Center, March 1991, p7-8)
A board-certified specialty of VETERINARY MEDICINE, requiring at least four years of special education, training, and practice of veterinary surgery after graduation from veterinary school. In the written, oral, and practical examinations candidates may choose either large or small animal surgery. (From AVMA Directory, 43d ed, p278)
Multidisciplinary team most frequently consisting of INTENSIVE CARE UNIT trained personnel who are available 24 hours per day, 7 days per week for evaluation of patients who develop signs or symptoms of severe clinical deterioration.
Nursing care of the surgical patient before, during, and after surgery.
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...