MicroRNA-140-5p suppresses retinoblastoma cell growth via inhibiting c-Met/AKT/mTOR pathway.

08:00 EDT 5th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "MicroRNA-140-5p suppresses retinoblastoma cell growth via inhibiting c-Met/AKT/mTOR pathway."

MiR-140-5p is low expression and acts as a tumor suppressor in various types of human cancers. However, the potential role of miR-140-5p in retinoblastoma (RB) remains unknown. In this study, we performed the miRNA microarray analysis to investigate miRNAs expression are associated with RB tumorigenesis in RB tissues. We found that a large set of miRNAs were ectopic expressions and miR-140-5p is the most significantly downregulated in human RB tissues compared with normal retinas. In addition, low miR-140-5p expression is associated with clinicopathological features (differentiation, invasion, T classification, N classification, cTNM stage and largest tumor base) and poor survival in RB patients. Furthermore, our results showed that overexpression of miR-140-5p suppress proliferation and induces apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in RB cell. Meanwhile, we confirmed that c-Met is the functional target of miR-140-5p in RB cell, and miR-140-5p expression is negatively correlated with c-Met in RB tissues. We also found that inhibition of c-Met also suppresses proliferation and induces apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in RB cell. Interestingly, c-Met can rescue the suppressive effects of miR-140-5p on RB cell growth and cell cycle arrest. More importantly, our findings indicated that miR-140-5p may inhibit cell growth via blocking c-Met/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway. Collectively, these results suggested that miR-140-5p might be a potential biomarker and target in the diagnosis and treatment of RB.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Bioscience reports
ISSN: 1573-4935


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A multiprotein complex consisting of MTOR KINASE; MLST8 PROTEIN; rapamycin-insensitive companion of mTOR protein (RICTOR PROTEIN); and PRR5 (proline-rich protein 5). Like MTORC1, it also regulates cell growth and proliferation in response to growth factors but may not be as sensitive to nutrient availability and is insensitive to SIROLIMUS. In contrast to MTORC1, it can regulate the ACTIN CYTOSKELETON through RHO GTPASES to promote the formation of STRESS FIBERS. The mTORC2 complex also plays a critical role in AKT1 PROTEIN KINASE phosphorylation and activation.

Product of the retinoblastoma tumor suppressor gene. It is a nuclear phosphoprotein hypothesized to normally act as an inhibitor of cell proliferation. Rb protein is absent in retinoblastoma cell lines. It also has been shown to form complexes with the adenovirus E1A protein, the SV40 T antigen, and the human papilloma virus E7 protein.

An adaptor protein, consisting of seven WD REPEATS along its length, that functions as a component of the MECHANISTIC TARGET OF RAPAMYCIN COMPLEX 1 and MTORC2 COMPLEX. It interacts directly with MTOR to enhance its kinase activity and stabilizes the MTOR-RPTOR PROTEIN interaction in nutrient-poor conditions, favoring RPTOR inhibition of MTOR activity.

An adaptor protein subunit of MTORC2 COMPLEX. It functions as a structural component and is phosphorylated by RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S6 KINASES, integrating signals for cell growth and proliferation, especially during embryonic development.

An evolutionarily conserved multiprotein complex that functions as a cellular energy sensor and regulator of protein synthesis for cell growth and proliferation. It consists of TOR SERINE-THREONINE KINASES; REGULATORY-ASSOCIATED PROTEIN OF MTOR (RAPTOR); MLST8 PROTEIN; and AKT1 substrate 1 protein. The activity of the complex is regulated by SIROLIMUS; INSULIN; GROWTH FACTORS; PHOSPHATIDIC ACIDS; some amino acids or amino acid derivatives, and OXIDATIVE STRESS.

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