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Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common renal malignancy, accounting for approximately 2% of adult malignancies and 4% of new cancer cases in the United States every year. Imaging guided ablative therapy, including radiofrequency (RF) ablation, cryotherapy and microwave has gained popularity over the last decade in treatment of small tumors. Antiangiogenic therapy has set itself to be the standard of care for many patients with metastasis these days. With hope for more research, survival rates of metastatic RCC may increase from a current 2-year survival rate of approximately 20%. Variation in imaging surveillance protocol in terms of frequency, modality, and duration is noted among guidelines developed by several organizations. In this review article, we will discuss follow-up imaging protocols, patterns of RCC recurrence following different modalities of treatment, imaging appearance, as well as usual and unusual sites of metastatic disease.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: European journal of radiology
Currently, small renal masses account for the largest proportion of renal tumour and small renal cell carcinomas (RCC). Although partial nephrectomy, whenever possible, is recognized as the gold stand...
To contrast the clinical effects and complications for the treatment of T1 renal carcinoma in partial nephrectomy (PN) and radical nephrectomy (RN).
Partial nephrectomy (PN) is technically feasible in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). We tested the contemporary effect of PN on cancer-specific mortality (CSM), other-cause mortal...
To compare renal function after radical nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and for upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC).
Metastasis-directed therapy of small solitary foci of metastatic renal cell carcinoma has been associated with improved survival. Percutaneous resection of tumors in the upper tract urinary system has...
The therapeutic effectiveness of ultrasound guided cooled-probe microwave ablation and laparoscopic partial nephrectomy on T1a renal cell carcinoma is compared to find a better approach fo...
The objective of the study is to determine whether a specific immune microenvironment in the primary tumor is associated with a favorable clinical course after nephrectomy and in the absen...
Two randomized trials in the cytokine era clearly showed that cytoreductive nephrectomy (CN) had a role in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) increasing life expectancy. The survival b...
The study compare the standard treatment with nephrectomy + sunitinib to treatment with sunitinib alone without nephrectomy. This study will be the first trial on this competitive context
To evaluate the feasibility and efﬁciency of zero ischemia robot-assisted laparoscopic radio frequency ablation assisted enucleation of T1a renal cell carcinoma in comparison with robot-...
A heterogeneous group of sporadic or hereditary carcinoma derived from cells of the KIDNEYS. There are several subtypes including the clear cells, the papillary, the chromophobe, the collecting duct, the spindle cells (sarcomatoid), or mixed cell-type carcinoma.
An autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations in a tumor suppressor gene. This syndrome is characterized by abnormal growth of small blood vessels leading to a host of neoplasms. They include HEMANGIOBLASTOMA in the RETINA; CEREBELLUM; and SPINAL CORD; PHEOCHROMOCYTOMA; pancreatic tumors; and renal cell carcinoma (see CARCINOMA, RENAL CELL). Common clinical signs include HYPERTENSION and neurological dysfunctions.
A heterogeneous aggregate of at least three distinct histological types of lung cancer, including SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA; ADENOCARCINOMA; and LARGE CELL CARCINOMA. They are dealt with collectively because of their shared treatment strategy.
A rare tumor of the female genital tract, most often the ovary, formerly considered to be derived from mesonephric rests. Two varieties are recognized: (1) clear cell carcinoma, so called because of its histologic resemblance to renal cell carcinoma, and now considered to be of muellerian duct derivation and (2) an embryonal tumor (called also ENDODERMAL SINUS TUMOR and yolk sac tumor), occurring chiefly in children. The latter variety may also arise in the testis. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A carcinoma arising from MERKEL CELLS located in the basal layer of the epidermis and occurring most commonly as a primary neuroendocrine carcinoma of the skin. Merkel cells are tactile cells of neuroectodermal origin and histologically show neurosecretory granules. The skin of the head and neck are a common site of Merkel cell carcinoma, occurring generally in elderly patients. (Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1245)
Renal Cell Carcinoma
Renal cell cancer (renal adenocarcinoma or hypernephroma) is the most common type of kidney cancer in adults. More than 8 in every 10 (80%) kidney cancers diagnosed in the UK are this type. In renal cell cancer the cancerous cells start in the lini...
Radiology is the branch of medicine that studies imaging of the body; X-ray (basic, angiography, barium swallows), ultrasound, MRI, CT and PET. These imaging techniques can be used to diagnose, but also to treat a range of conditions, by allowing visuali...
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