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Recent case reports describe an association between maternal paracetamol intake and fetal ductus arteriosus constriction or closure. To put these cases into perspective and explore causality, a structured literature search was conducted. The World Health Organization Uppsala Monitoring Center (WHO-UMC) causality tool was applied to the cases retrieved. The search resulted in 12 papers with 25 case descriptions, of whom 1 case was classified as unlikely, 9 as possible, 11 as probable and 4 as certain. Consequently, we conclude that a causal relationship between maternal paracetamol intake and fetal ductus arteriosus constriction or closure is likely. These findings suggest that pharmacovigilance studies on paracetamol safety during pregnancy are warranted to quantify the event and put the current findings into clinical perspective. While analgesia during pregnancy and during the peripartum period is of obvious relevance, alternative analgesics like opioids or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs also have side effects.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: British journal of clinical pharmacology
The use of perioperative tocolytic agents in fetal surgery is imperative to prevent preterm labor. Indomethacin, a well-known tocolytic agent, can cause ductus arteriosus (DA) constriction. We sought ...
Regulation of the ductus arteriosus, an essential fetal vessel connecting the pulmonary artery and aorta, is complex. Failure of this vessel to close after birth may result in a persistent left-to-rig...
This is a well-designed and executed long-term follow-up study of early use of paracetamol versus placebo on closure of the patent ductus arterioles (PDA) in very preterm infants, born at 23 to 31 pos...
The objective of this study was to compare the closure rate of hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA) of intravenous ibuprofen + paracetamol (acetaminophen) versus ibuprof...
The correct ductus arteriosus (DA) closure time is somewhere between the opening and closing time confirmed on echo, not on examination. We investigated DA closure time and factors affecting DA closur...
The purpose of this pilot trial is to study efficacy and safety of simultaneous intravenous (iv) ibuprofen and paracetamol medications in the closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in p...
The exact mechanism stimulating the parturition in humans is still relatively unknown. Prostaglandins, by mediating cervical ripening and early stimulation of myometrial contractions, are ...
Comparison between the safety and efficacy of oral paracetamol and oral ibuprofen in treatment of Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA) in premature infants
Preterm birth still remains a major cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. The exact mechanism stimulating term and preterm births in humans is still unknown. Prostaglandins...
The therapeutic approach to the patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in the premature neonate remains controversial. Currently it is generally accepted to treat only hemodynamically significant ...
A congenital heart defect characterized by the persistent opening of fetal DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS that connects the PULMONARY ARTERY to the descending aorta (AORTA, DESCENDING) allowing unoxygenated blood to bypass the lung and flow to the PLACENTA. Normally, the ductus is closed shortly after birth.
A syndrome of persistent PULMONARY HYPERTENSION in the newborn infant (INFANT, NEWBORN) without demonstrable HEART DISEASES. This neonatal condition can be caused by severe pulmonary vasoconstriction (reactive type), hypertrophy of pulmonary arterial muscle (hypertrophic type), or abnormally developed pulmonary arterioles (hypoplastic type). The newborn patient exhibits CYANOSIS and ACIDOSIS due to the persistence of fetal circulatory pattern of right-to-left shunting of blood through a patent ductus arteriosus (DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS, PATENT) and at times a patent foramen ovale (FORAMEN OVALE, PATENT).
A fetal blood vessel connecting the pulmonary artery with the descending aorta.
The degree of antigenic similarity between tissues of the mother and those of the FETUS. Maternal-fetal histocompatibility can determine the acceptance and health of the fetus.
A highly vascularized mammalian fetal-maternal organ and major site of transport of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products. It includes a fetal portion (CHORIONIC VILLI) derived from TROPHOBLASTS and a maternal portion (DECIDUA) derived from the uterine ENDOMETRIUM. The placenta produces an array of steroid, protein and peptide hormones (PLACENTAL HORMONES).
Clinical Research Organization
Contract Research Organization (CRO) provide research services outsourced on a contract basis to the pharmaceutical, biotechnology, healthcare and medical device industries: biopharmaceutical development biologic assay development commercial...