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Drug Allergy.

08:00 EDT 1st October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Drug Allergy."

Drug allergy is commonly encountered in clinical practice. It is an immunological response to a pharmaceutical agent. The clinical presentation can vary from mild cutaneous reactions to life-threatening conditions such as Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis. Diagnosis is most often clinical, but investigations such as measurement of immunoglobulin E, patch testing, and skin biopsy may be required. In patients with a known drug allergy, the offending drug should be avoided. [Pediatr Ann. 2018;47(10):e419-e425.].

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Pediatric annals
ISSN: 1938-2359
Pages: e419-e425

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A selective histamine H1-receptor antagonist devoid of central nervous system depressant activity. The drug was used for ALLERGY but withdrawn due to causing LONG QT SYNDROME.

Disorder characterized by a vasculitic syndrome associated with exposure to an antigen such as a drug, infectious agent, or other foreign or endogenous substance. Its pathophysiology includes immune complex deposition and a wide range of skin lesions. Hypersensitivity or allergy is present in some but not all cases.

Forms to which substances are incorporated to improve the delivery and the effectiveness of drugs. Drug carriers are used in drug-delivery systems such as the controlled-release technology to prolong in vivo drug actions, decrease drug metabolism, and reduce drug toxicity. Carriers are also used in designs to increase the effectiveness of drug delivery to the target sites of pharmacological actions. Liposomes, albumin microspheres, soluble synthetic polymers, DNA complexes, protein-drug conjugates, and carrier erythrocytes among others have been employed as biodegradable drug carriers.

Diminished or failed response of an organism, disease or tissue to the intended effectiveness of a chemical or drug. It should be differentiated from DRUG TOLERANCE which is the progressive diminution of the susceptibility of a human or animal to the effects of a drug, as a result of continued administration.

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