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Sinusitis in Children.

08:00 EDT 1st October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Sinusitis in Children."

Acute bacterial sinusitis (ABS) mostly occurs as a complication of acute viral upper respiratory tract infection (URI), which is a common condition encountered in an outpatient setting. ABS manifests with three different presentations, most commonly as persistent symptoms of viral URI (nasal drainage and or cough) for more than 10 days. ABS is also diagnosed when the patient presents with severe symptoms of a URI accompanied by fever >102.2°F and purulent nasal drainage for at least 3 days. Lastly, ABS can complicate viral URI around day 6 or 7 of illness after initial improvement in the symptoms of URI. Imaging studies are not recommended for diagnosing ABS, unless intracranial or orbital complications are suspected. Signs of proptosis, restriction of eye movements, ophthalmoplegia, and visual impairment are very specific for orbital involvement. Treatment of ABS with antibiotics is recommended based on the clinical scenario and has been shown to have higher cure rates as compared to placebo. [Pediatr Ann. 2018;47(10):e396-e401.].

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Pediatric annals
ISSN: 1938-2359
Pages: e396-e401

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA in the SPHENOID SINUS. Isolated sphenoid sinusitis is uncommon. It usually occurs in conjunction with other paranasal sinusitis.

An acute purulent infection of the meninges and subarachnoid space caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, most prevalent in children and adults over the age of 60. This illness may be associated with OTITIS MEDIA; MASTOIDITIS; SINUSITIS; RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS; sickle cell disease (ANEMIA, SICKLE CELL); skull fractures; and other disorders. Clinical manifestations include FEVER; HEADACHE; neck stiffness; and somnolence followed by SEIZURES; focal neurologic deficits (notably DEAFNESS); and COMA. (From Miller et al., Merritt's Textbook of Neurology, 9th ed, p111)

Inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA in one or more of the PARANASAL SINUSES.

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