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Combined congenic breeding and microarray gene expression profiling previously identified glutathione S-transferase μ-type 1 (Gstm1) as a positional and functional candidate gene for blood pressure (BP) regulation in the stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive (SHRSP) rat. Renal Gstm1 expression in SHRSP rats is significantly reduced when compared with normotensive Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats. As Gstm1 plays an important role in the secondary defence against oxidative stress, significantly lower expression levels may be functionally relevant in the development of hypertension. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of Gstm1 in BP regulation and oxidative stress by transgenic overexpression of the Gstm1 gene.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of hypertension
To determine the level and effect of urinary clusterin (CLU) and glutathione-s-transferase (GST) proteins in normotensive and preeclamptic pregnant women with HIV infection.
Glutathione-S-transferase omega 1-1 (GSTO1-1) is a cytosolic glutathione transferase enzyme, involved in glutathionylation, toll-like receptor signaling, and calcium channel regulation. GSTO1-1 dysreg...
Oxidative stress and blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction contribute to brain injury after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Adiponectin (APN) inhibits oxidative stress in the CNS, but the role of APN ...
Although it has been well-recognized that microcystin-leucine-arginine (MCLR), the most common form of microcystins, induces neurotoxicity, little is currently known about the underlying mechanism for...
Newborn infants are highly vulnerable to oxidative stress. Following birth asphyxia, oxidative injury due to ischemia-reperfusion can result in significant brain and heart damage, leading to death or ...
Oxidative stress has been implicated in the development and complications of diabetes. Hyperglycemia and insulin resistance or insufficiency in diabetes can cause oxidative stress by exces...
The disease Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A (CMT1A) is the most common inherited peripheral neuropathy, for which no treatment has proved its effectiveness. It is autosomal dominant, a...
Sepsis and septic shock are public health problems worldwide that represents an excessive cost for health systems. Despite the great technological and research advances, mortality can reac...
Glutathione (a tripeptide of 3 amino acids - glutamic acid, cysteine and glycine) plays a great role in homeostasis, especially as a potent anti-oxidant. As an anti-oxidant, it conjugates...
Urinary peroxides and plasma glutathione/glutathione disulfide (GSH/GSSG) ratio will be measured in preterm infants less than 32 weeks gestation before and 7 days after receiving either Li...
A glutathione transferase that catalyzes the conjugation of electrophilic substrates to GLUTATHIONE. This enzyme has been shown to provide cellular protection against redox-mediated damage by FREE RADICALS.
A transferase that catalyzes the addition of aliphatic, aromatic, or heterocyclic FREE RADICALS as well as EPOXIDES and arene oxides to GLUTATHIONE. Addition takes place at the SULFUR. It also catalyzes the reduction of polyol nitrate by glutathione to polyol and nitrite.
Conjugation of exogenous substances with various hydrophilic substituents to form water soluble products that are excretable in URINE. Phase II modifications include GLUTATHIONE; ACYLATION; and AMINATION. Phase II enzymes include GLUTATHIONE TRANSFERASE and GLUCURONOSYLTRANSFERASE. In a sense these reactions detoxify phase I reaction products.
An enzyme catalyzing the oxidation of 2 moles of glutathione in the presence of hydrogen peroxide to yield oxidized glutathione and water. EC 22.214.171.124.
Catalyzes the oxidation of GLUTATHIONE to GLUTATHIONE DISULFIDE in the presence of NADP+. Deficiency in the enzyme is associated with HEMOLYTIC ANEMIA. Formerly listed as EC 126.96.36.199.
Genetic engineering is the process of manually adding new DNA to an organism. The goal is to add one or more new traits that are not already found in that organism. Examples of genetically engineered (transgenic) organisms currently on the market include...
The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved on October 8th 2013 Adempas® (riociguat) tablets for: (i) the treatment of adults with persistent/recurrent chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) (WHO* Group 4) after ...
Stress is caused by your perception of situations around you and then the reaction of your body to them. The automatic stress response to unexpected events is known as 'fight or flight'. Discovered by Walter Cannon in 1932, it is the release of h...