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The treatment of congenital hemivertebrae in the upper thoracic region is challenging. The objective of this study was to investigate the outcomes of posterior hemivertebral resection for the upper thoracic region. Twenty-one patients diagnosed with upper thoracic congenital scoliosis were included. All of them received hemivertebral resection surgery via the posterior-only approach with at least 2 years of follow-up. The radiographic parameters and Scoliosis Research Society-22 score were analyzed. All the intraoperative and postoperative complications were recorded retrospectively. The segmental main curve was 35.9° before surgery and 7.0° at the last follow-up, with an average correction rate of 80.2%. The total main curve was 44.1° before surgery and 11.6° at the last follow-up, with an average correction rate of 73.9%. The caudal compensatory curve was corrected from 20.2° to 7.1°, with an average correction rate of 64.9%. The segmental kyphosis was corrected from 30.9° to 8.9°, with an average correction rate of 65.5%. The total Scoliosis Research Society-22 score significantly improved in all patients at the last follow-up, mainly resulting from the improvement of the self-image, mental health, and satisfaction domains. The following complications were found: one pedicle fracture, two malpositioned screws, one transient neurologic deficit, one implant failure, and four postoperative curve progressions. Although good radiographic deformity correction and clinical results were achieved after surgery, the incidence rate of complications was high at 42.9%; great care should be taken to prevent them, especially for postoperative curve progression (19.0%).
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of pediatric orthopedics. Part B
To provide the reader with a comprehensive but concise understanding of congenital scoliosis METHODS: We have undertaken to summarize available literature on the pathophysiology, epidemiology, and man...
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A major nerve of the upper extremity. In humans the fibers of the radial nerve originate in the lower cervical and upper thoracic spinal cord (usually C5 to T1), travel via the posterior cord of the brachial plexus, and supply motor innervation to extensor muscles of the arm and cutaneous sensory fibers to extensor regions of the arm and hand.
Congenital structural abnormalities of the UPPER EXTREMITY.
A major nerve of the upper extremity. In humans, the fibers of the median nerve originate in the lower cervical and upper thoracic spinal cord (usually C6 to T1), travel via the brachial plexus, and supply sensory and motor innervation to parts of the forearm and hand.
Cysts of one of the parts of the mediastinum: the superior part, containing the trachea, esophagus, thoracic duct and thymus organs; the inferior middle part, containing the pericardium; the inferior anterior part containing some lymph nodes; and the inferior posterior part, containing the thoracic duct and esophagus.
Congenital structural deformities of the upper and lower extremities collectively or unspecified.
Congenital conditions are those which are present from birth. They include structural deformities or loss of function in organs such as the <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->heart, gut or skeletal system. They can be corrected by <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->surgery, m...
Arthritis Fibromyalgia Gout Lupus Rheumatic Rheumatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and management of disease involving joints, tendons, muscles, ligaments and associated structures (Oxford Medical Diction...
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...