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Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: Uncertainties and Controversies.

08:00 EDT 11th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: Uncertainties and Controversies."

The mechanisms of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), a rare, devastating disease with a median survival of 3-5 years, are not fully understood. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a frequent comorbidity encountered in IPF. Hypothetically, GERD-associated microaspiration may lead to persistent inflammation impairing lung infrastructure, thereby possibly accelerating the progression of IPF. IPF may increase intrathoracic pressure, which can aggravate GERD and vice versa. On the basis of the possible beneficial effects of antireflux or antacid therapy on lung function, acute exacerbation, and survival, the recent international IPF guideline recommends antacid therapies for patients with IPF, regardless of symptomatic GERD. However, due to newer conflicting data, several national guidelines do not support this recommendation. Elucidation of these questions by further clinical and bench-to-bedside research may provide us with rational clinical diagnostic and therapeutic approaches concerning GERD in IPF. The present review aims to discuss the latest data on the controversial association of IPF and GERD.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Respiration; international review of thoracic diseases
ISSN: 1423-0356
Pages: 1-17

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

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Retrograde bile flow. Reflux of bile can be from the duodenum to the stomach (DUODENOGASTRIC REFLUX); to the esophagus (GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX); or to the PANCREAS.

Back flow of gastric contents to the LARYNGOPHARYNX where it comes in contact with tissues of the upper aerodigestive tract. Laryngopharyngeal reflux is an extraesophageal manifestation of GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX.

A common interstitial lung disease of unknown etiology, usually occurring between 50-70 years of age. Clinically, it is characterized by an insidious onset of breathlessness with exertion and a nonproductive cough, leading to progressive DYSPNEA. Pathological features show scant interstitial inflammation, patchy collagen fibrosis, prominent fibroblast proliferation foci, and microscopic honeycomb change.

The R-isomer of lansoprazole that is used to treat severe GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE.

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