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Surfaceome nanoscale organization and extracellular interaction networks.

08:00 EDT 8th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Surfaceome nanoscale organization and extracellular interaction networks."

The reductionist view of 'one target-one drug' has fueled the development of therapeutic agents to treat human disease. However, many compounds that have efficacy in vitro are inactive in complex in vivo systems. It has become clear that a molecular understanding of signaling networks is needed to address disease phenotypes in the human body. Protein signaling networks function at the molecular level through information transfer via protein-protein interactions. Cell surface exposed proteins, termed the surfaceome, are the gatekeepers between the intra- and extracellular signaling networks, translating extracellular cues into intracellular responses and vice versa. As 66% of drugs in the DrugBank target the surfaceome, these proteins are a key source for potential diagnostic and therapeutic agents. In this review article, we will discuss current knowledge about the spatial organization and molecular interactions of the surfaceome and provide a perspective on the technologies available for studying the extracellular surfaceome interaction network.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Current opinion in chemical biology
ISSN: 1879-0402
Pages: 26-33

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

PROTEOGLYCANS-associated proteins that are major components of EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX of various tissues including CARTILAGE; and INTERVERTEBRAL DISC structures. They bind COLLAGEN fibers and contain protein domains that enable oligomer formation and interaction with other extracellular matrix proteins such as CARTILAGE OLIGOMERIC MATRIX PROTEIN.

A cell adhesion molecule that contains extracellular immunoglobulin V and C2 domains. It mediates homophilic and heterophilic cell-cell adhesion independently of calcium, and acts as a tumor suppressor in NON-SMALL-CELL LUNG CANCER (NSCLC) cells. Its interaction with NATURAL KILLER CELLS is important for their cytotoxicity and its expression by MAST CELLS plays a role in their interaction with neurons; it may also function in synapse assembly, nerve growth and differentiation.

Region of interaction between the bone and PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS which becomes bonded through cellular and extracellular interactions similar to OSSEOINTEGRATION.

The development and use of techniques to study physical phenomena and construct structures in the nanoscale size range or smaller.

Membrane limited structures derived from cell membranes and cytoplasmic material, and released into EXTRACELLULAR SPACE. They circulate through the EXTRACELLULAR FLUID and through the peripheral blood in the MICROVASCULATURE where cells, much larger, cannot, thereby affecting a variety of intercellular communication processes.

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