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A sequential chem-bio hybrid process was developed using a novel biochar supported carboxymethyl cellulose-stabilized nanoscale iron sulfide (CMC-FeS@biochar) as a chemical remover and Corynebacterium variabile HRJ4 as a biological agent for trichloroethylene (TCE) degradation. Compared with CMC-FeS, FeS@biochar600, bare FeS and biochar600, the CMC-FeS@biochar600 composite displayed better physiochemical properties (smaller hydrodynamic diameter and higher stability) and demonstrated excellent removal capacity for TCE from aqueous phase. A facultative bacterial strain, Corynebacterium variabile HRJ4, growing well in the presence of CMC-FeS@biochar (added up to 0.25 g L), further enhanced TCE removal after chemical treatment. The dechlorination pathway proposed based on the gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis revealed that TCE was dechlorinated to cis-1,2-dichloroethene (cis-DCE) and acetylene via hydrogenolysis and β-elimination, respectively within 12 h by CMC-FeS@biochar. Addition of HRJ4 strain into the reaction system effectively enhanced the degradation of the residual TCE, cis-DCE and acetylene to ethylene. Acetylene was the main product in chemical process, whereas ethylene was the main product in biological process as strain HRJ4 could reduce acetylene to ethylene effectively. The results of this study signify the potential application of CMC-FeS@biochar600/HRJ4 chem-bio hybrid system for complete degradation of TCE in the anaerobic environment.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Water research
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Screening techniques first developed in yeast to identify genes encoding interacting proteins. Variations are used to evaluate interplay between proteins and other molecules. Two-hybrid techniques refer to analysis for protein-protein interactions, one-hybrid for DNA-protein interactions, three-hybrid interactions for RNA-protein interactions or ligand-based interactions. Reverse n-hybrid techniques refer to analysis for mutations or other small molecules that dissociate known interactions.
The genetic process of crossbreeding between genetically dissimilar parents to produce a hybrid.
A process by which an individual unconsciously endeavors to pattern himself after another. This process is also important in the development of the personality, particularly the superego or conscience, which is modeled largely on the behavior of adult significant others.
The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).
The process whereby calcium salts are deposited in the dental enamel. The process is normal in the development of bones and teeth. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p43)
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