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Corneal disease is a major cause of blindness and keratoplasty is an effective treatment method. A freeze-dried collagen film (FD-Col) with micro-rough surface structure for corneal epithelial repair was reported in our previous studies. In this research, we conducted a more comprehensive study on the FD-Col film. Besides with excellent mechanical property and optical transparency, the FD-Col film also has good penetrating ability in nutrient solutions. The permeability coefficient of the FD-Col in NaCl and tryptophan solution is (2.58 ± 0.47) × 10 cm/s and (2.67 ± 0.13) × 10 cm/s, respectively. In addition, the morphology change of the FD-Col film before and after water absorption is relatively stable suggesting that this film can be fabricated with various dimensions easily. Moreover, corneal lamellar keratoplasty shows that the FD-Col film can be sutured in rabbit's ocular surface and the re-epithelization process in vivo is complete in about 12 days, and the transparency is restored quickly in the first month. Corneal rejection reaction, neovascularization and keratoconus are not observed within 2 months. This FD-Col film, which can be prepared in large quantities and at low cost, should have potential application in corneal repair in the future.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of biological macromolecules
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A biosensing technique in which biomolecules capable of binding to specific analytes or ligands are first immobilized on one side of a metallic film. Light is then focused on the opposite side of the film to excite the surface plasmons, that is, the oscillations of free electrons propagating along the film's surface. The refractive index of light reflecting off this surface is measured. When the immobilized biomolecules are bound by their ligands, an alteration in surface plasmons on the opposite side of the film is created which is directly proportional to the change in bound, or adsorbed, mass. Binding is measured by changes in the refractive index. The technique is used to study biomolecular interactions, such as antigen-antibody binding.
A surgical procedure or KERATOPLASTY involving selective stripping and replacement of diseased host DESCEMET MEMBRANE and CORNEAL ENDOTHELIUM with a suitable and healthy donor posterior lamella. The advantage to this procedure is that the normal corneal surface of the recipient is retained, thereby avoiding corneal surface incisions and sutures.
A layer of acellular matrix that lies beneath the CORNEAL EPITHELIUM and above the CORNEAL STROMA. It consists of randomly arranged COLLAGEN fibers in a condensed bed of intercellular substance. It provides stability and strength to the cornea.
A phthalic indicator dye that appears yellow-green in normal tear film and bright green in a more alkaline medium, such as the aqueous humor, and is used therapeutically as a diagnostic aid in corneal injuries and corneal trauma. It has been approved by FDA for use in externally applied drugs and cosmetics. (From Merck Index, 12th ed; American Medical Association Drug Evaluations; 1995, p2275)
Asymmetries in the topography and refractive index of the corneal surface that affect visual acuity.