The General Criteria for Personality Disorders Assessed by Interview: Do They Still Have a Role to Play?

08:00 EDT 11th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "The General Criteria for Personality Disorders Assessed by Interview: Do They Still Have a Role to Play?"

On the path to developing dimensional models of personality disorder (PD), we are at risk of leaving key diagnostic aspects behind. The general criteria for PD may be important ones because they reflect the defining aspects of personality pathology: long duration, independence from psychopathological states, and harmfulness. We assessed these criteria by interview in a sample of 362 psychiatric outpatients after administering the Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire-4+. The result was a 42.5% fall in self-reported endorsements, due to misinterpretations (11.5%), short duration of traits or contamination by state psychopathology (9.8%), and traits being non-harmful (21.2%). However, not all personality traits and disorders underwent correction to the same extent, and ultimately, the interview did not improve the prediction of clinical variables. These findings raise doubts about the practical relevance of the general criteria for PD and support the role of self-report questionnaires for diagnostic purposes.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of personality disorders
ISSN: 1943-2763
Pages: 1-27


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [16417 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Patient-Reported ICD-11 Personality Disorder Severity and DSM-5 Level of Personality Functioning.

This study evaluated the Standardized Assessment of Severity of Personality Disorder (SASPD) proposed for ICD-11 and the Level of Personality Functioning Scale-Brief Form 2.0 (LPFS-BF) developed for D...

Interview-based ratings of DSM-IV Axis II/DSM-5 Section II Personality Disorder symptoms in consecutively admitted insomnia patients: A comparison study with consecutively admitted psychotherapy patients matched on age and gender.

Selected personality features may represent important predisposing as well as perpetuating factors for insomnia, and previous studies stressed the importance to assess personality disorders in insomni...

The Level of Personality Functioning Scale-Brief Form 2.0: Update of a brief instrument for assessing level of personality functioning.

Section III of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.) introduced the alternative model of personality disorders that includes assessing levels of personality functioning. ...

Personality Constructs and Paradigms in the Alternative DSM-5 Model of Personality Disorder.

The DSM-5 Section III alternative model for personality disorders (AMPD) is a personality disorder (PD) nosology based on severity of personality dysfunction and pathological traits. We examined the d...

Unkept promises of cognitive styles: A new look at old measurements.

Cognitive style is thought to be a stable marker of one's way to approach mental operations. While of wide interest over the last decades, its operationalization remains a challenge. The literature in...

Clinical Trials [9220 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Personality Disorders and Substance Use Disorders in a Sexual Context in the Man Having Sex With Other Men Population

Chemsex refers to the use of psychoactive drugs in a sexual context, mainly cathinones, GHB/GBL, methamphetamine, cocaine and ketamine. This can cause infectious or psychiatric complicatio...

Quetiapine Treatment for Symptoms Associated With Borderline Personality Disorder

Objective: The objective of this study is to quantitatively examine the efficacy of Seroquel (active ingredient quetiapine fumarate) in subjects with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)...

An 18-Month Psychotherapy of Borderline Personality Disorder

The purpose of the study is to examine the impact of an 18-month psychotherapy treatment for borderline personality disorder. We will examine changes in psychosocial and work functioning i...

Ullevål PersonalityProject

Ullevål PersonalityProject is a ranomized controlled trial of treatment of patients with personality disorder. It's main purpose is to test the effect of a long-term combined treatment pr...

Personality Pathology and Cerebral Processing in Eating Disorders

The proposed study will investigate whether, on the basis of personality traits and personality disorders as well as specific cerebral activation patterns shows differences in adolescent f...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A directed conversation aimed at eliciting information for psychiatric diagnosis, evaluation, treatment planning, etc. The interview may be conducted by a social worker or psychologist.

State in which an individual perceives or experiences a sensation of unreality concerning the self or the environment; it is seen in disorders such as schizophrenia, affection disorders, organic mental disorders, and personality disorders. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)

Self-administered health questionnaire developed to obtain details of the medical history as an adjunct to the medical interview. It consists of 195 questions divided into eighteen sections; the first twelve deal with somatic complaints and the last six with mood and feeling patterns. The Index is used also as a personality inventory or in epidemiologic studies.

The determination and evaluation of personality attributes by interviews, observations, tests, or scales. Articles concerning personality measurement are considered to be within scope of this term.

Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Psychiatry is the study of mental disorders and their diagnosis, management and prevention.  Conditions include schizophrenia, severe depression and panic disorders among others. There are pharmaceutical treatments as well as other therapies to help...

Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...

Searches Linking to this Article