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Recently, we showed that tacrolimus-induced renal injury was closely associated with impairment of autophagy clearance, and Klotho deficiency aggravated tacrolimus-induced renal injury. In this study, we evaluated the effect of Klotho treatment on autophagy clearance in tacrolimus-induced renal injury. We evaluated the effect of Klotho on tacrolimus-induced renal injury in an experimental mouse model and in vitro by treatment with tacrolimus and/or recombinant mouse Klotho. In vivo and in vitro studies showed that tacrolimus treatment impaired lysosomal acidification and decreased cathepsin B activity, expression of lysosome-associated membrane protein 2, and expression of transcription factor EB (TFEB), a master regulator for lysosomal biogenesis. These results were improved by Klotho treatment. Moreover, addition of bafilomycin A1, an inhibitor of lysosomal function, abolished the protective effect of Klotho, indicating that the protective effect of Klotho was closely associated with lysosome function. Klotho induced nuclear translocation of TFEB through inhibition of phosphorylation of glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β) by confirming using CHIR99021, a GSK3β inhibitor. Collectively, our data suggest that Klotho improves autophagy clearance via activation of lysosomal function in tacrolimus-induced nephrotoxicity.-Lim, S. W., Shin, Y. J., Luo, K., Quan, Y., Ko, E. J., Chung, B. H., Yang, C. W. Effect of Klotho on autophagy clearance in tacrolimus-induced renal injury.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
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Liver disease lasting six months or more, caused by an adverse drug effect. The adverse effect may result from a direct toxic effect of a drug or metabolite, or an idiosyncratic response to a drug or metabolite.
A 12-KDa tacrolimus binding protein that is found associated with and may modulate the function of calcium release channels. It is a peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans isomerase which is inhibited by both tacrolimus (commonly called FK506) and SIROLIMUS.
An autophagy related protein that is similar to UBIQUITIN-ACTIVATING ENZYME E1. It functions in CYTOPLASM to VACUOLE transport (Cvt) and AUTOPHAGY by activating ATG12 PROTEIN for its conjugation with ATG5 PROTEIN, as well as the conjugation of ATG8 FAMILY PROTEINS with phosphatidylethanolamine for ATG8 association to Cvt vesicles and AUTOPHAGOSOME membranes. It is also required for the nitrogen starvation response in yeast, MITOPHAGY; and autophagic cell death induced by CASPASE 8 inhibition.
Liver disease lasting six months or more, caused by an adverse effect of a drug or chemical. The adverse effect may be caused by drugs, drug metabolites, chemicals from the environment, or an idiosyncratic response.
A family of immunophilin proteins that bind to the immunosuppressive drugs TACROLIMUS (also known as FK506) and SIROLIMUS. EC 5.2.1.-
Nephrology - kidney function
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