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Astaxanthin enhances the longevity of Saccharomyces cerevisiae by decreasing oxidative stress and apoptosis.

08:00 EDT 12th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Astaxanthin enhances the longevity of Saccharomyces cerevisiae by decreasing oxidative stress and apoptosis."

The budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, is an efficient model for studying oxidative stress, programmed cell death, and aging. The present study was carried out to investigate antioxidant, the anti-apoptotic and antiaging activity of a natural compound, astaxanthin, in S. cerevisiae model. The survivability of yeast antioxidant deficient strains (sod1Δ, sod2Δ, cta1Δ, ctt1Δ and tsa1Δ) increased by 20-40% when cells were pre-treated with astaxanthin, compared to hydrogen peroxide alone, as demonstrated in spot and colony forming unit assays. Reduced ROS levels, increased glutathione, decreased lipid peroxidation, and induced superoxide dismutase activity in astaxanthin treated cells indicate that astaxanthin protected the cells from oxidative stress induced cell death. In addition, astaxanthin protected anti-apoptotic deficient strains (pep4Δ and fis1Δ) against acetic acid and hydrogen peroxide-induced cell death that suggests anti-apoptotic property of astaxanthin and it was further confirmed by acridine orange/ethidium bromide, annexin V and 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole staining. The yeast chronological lifespan assay results showed that astaxanthin extends the lifespan of antioxidant deficient strains by scavenging ROS, and anti-apoptotic deficient mutants by protecting from apoptotic cell death compared to their respective untreated cells and wild type. Our results suggest that astaxanthin enhances the longevity of yeast S. cerevisiae by reducing oxidative stress and apoptosis.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: FEMS yeast research
ISSN: 1567-1364
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A member of the Rho family of MONOMERIC GTP-BINDING PROTEINS from SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE. It is involved in morphological events related to the cell cycle. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 3.6.1.47.

Proteins obtained from the species SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE. The function of specific proteins from this organism are the subject of intense scientific interest and have been used to derive basic understanding of the functioning similar proteins in higher eukaryotes.

A disturbance in the prooxidant-antioxidant balance in favor of the former, leading to potential damage. Indicators of oxidative stress include damaged DNA bases, protein oxidation products, and lipid peroxidation products (Sies, Oxidative Stress, 1991, pxv-xvi).

A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as "baker's" or "brewer's" yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.

A set of nuclear proteins in SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE that are required for the transcriptional repression of the silent mating type loci. They mediate the formation of silenced CHROMATIN and repress both transcription and recombination at other loci as well. They are comprised of 4 non-homologous, interacting proteins, Sir1p, Sir2p, Sir3p, and Sir4p. Sir2p, an NAD-dependent HISTONE DEACETYLASE, is the founding member of the family of SIRTUINS.

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