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Learning in the machine: Recirculation is random backpropagation.

08:00 EDT 27th September 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Learning in the machine: Recirculation is random backpropagation."

Learning in physical neural systems must rely on learning rules that are local in both space and time. Optimal learning in deep neural architectures requires that non-local information be available to the deep synapses. Thus, in general, optimal learning in physical neural systems requires the presence of a deep learning channel to communicate non-local information to deep synapses, in a direction opposite to the forward propagation of the activities. Theoretical arguments suggest that for circular autoencoders, an important class of neural architectures where the output layer is identical to the input layer, alternative algorithms may exist that enable local learning without the need for additional learning channels, by using the forward activation channel as the deep learning channel. Here we systematically identify, classify, and study several such local learning algorithms, based on the general idea of recirculating information from the output layer to the hidden layers. We show through simulations and mathematical derivations that these algorithms are robust and converge to critical points of the global error function. In most cases, we show that these recirculation algorithms are very similar to an adaptive form of random backpropagation, where each hidden layer receives a linearly transformed, slowly-varying, version of the output error.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Neural networks : the official journal of the International Neural Network Society
ISSN: 1879-2782
Pages: 479-494

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