A UHPLC-MS/MS method coupled with liquid-liquid extraction for the quantitation of phenacetin, omeprazole, metoprolol, midazolam and their metabolites in rat plasma and its application to the study of four CYP450 activities.

08:00 EDT 4th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "A UHPLC-MS/MS method coupled with liquid-liquid extraction for the quantitation of phenacetin, omeprazole, metoprolol, midazolam and their metabolites in rat plasma and its application to the study of four CYP450 activities."

Drug-drug interactions (DDIs) are thought to be associated with the inhibition of cytochrome P450 activities. The cocktail method with analysis of the metabolism of two or more probe drugs is used to determine CYP450 activities. In this study, we established a UHPLC-MS/MS method for simultaneous quantitation of four CYP450 probe drugs (phenacetin, omeprazole, metoprolol and midazolam) and their metabolites (acetaminophen, 5'-hydroxy omeprazole, α-hydroxy metoprolol and 1'-hydroxy midazolam) in rat plasma. Sample preparation by plasma protein precipitation was combined with a liquid-liquid extraction method. The separation was carried out on a ZORBAX Eclipse Plus C18 Rapid Resolution High Definition column with a gradient elution, using water containing 0.1% formic acid (A) and acetonitrile (B) in a run time of only 3.0 min. Detection was conducted with a 6420 series triple-quadrupole tandem mass spectrometer, using ESI in positive ion mode with multiple reaction monitoring (MRM). The calibration curves were linear over the concentration range 10-5000 ng/mL for phenacetin, omeprazole, metoprolol and midazolam, and 1-500 ng/mL for their metabolites. Intra- and inter-day precisions were within 15%, and the accuracies were in the range of 87-112%. The method was successfully applied to the pharmacokinetic study of probe drugs/metabolites and DDIs with 3-n-butylphthalide (NBP) after administration of a single oral dose of phenacetin, omeprazole, metoprolol and midazolam in rats.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis
ISSN: 1873-264X
Pages: 204-210


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The removal of a soluble component from a liquid mixture by contact with a second liquid, immiscible with the carrier liquid, in which the component is preferentially soluble. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)

Miniaturized methods of liquid-liquid extraction.

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Materials in intermediate state between solid and liquid.

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