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First Detection of Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) and Expansion of Aedes japonicus japonicus in Wisconsin, United States.

08:00 EDT 13th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "First Detection of Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) and Expansion of Aedes japonicus japonicus in Wisconsin, United States."

The 2015-2016 epidemic of Zika virus in the Americas raised concerns about the range of Aedes albopictus (Skuse) in the United States. In response, the University of Wisconsin Medical Entomology Laboratory coordinated with the Wisconsin Department of Health Services in 2016 to conduct Aedes spp. surveillance and set up an oviposition trap (ovitrap) network operated by local public health partners across southern and western Wisconsin. During 2016, 916 ovitrap events were processed, but only Aedes triseriatus Say (Diptera: Culicidae) and Aedes japonicus japonicus (Theobald) were detected. In 2017, a focused surveillance approach was employed to detect Ae. albopictus near sites with tires stored outdoors. Using this targeted approach, Ae. albopictus was detected from ovitraps in two out of seven counties surveyed during June, July, and August. This is the first record of Ae. albopictus in Wisconsin.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of medical entomology
ISSN: 1938-2928
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) frequently found in tropical and subtropical regions. YELLOW FEVER and DENGUE are two of the diseases that can be transmitted by species of this genus.

An order of the class Insecta. Wings, when present, number two and distinguish Diptera from other so-called flies, while the halteres, or reduced hindwings, separate Diptera from other insects with one pair of wings. The order includes the families Calliphoridae, Oestridae, Phoridae, Sarcophagidae, Scatophagidae, Sciaridae, SIMULIIDAE, Tabanidae, Therevidae, Trypetidae, CERATOPOGONIDAE; CHIRONOMIDAE; CULICIDAE; DROSOPHILIDAE; GLOSSINIDAE; MUSCIDAE; TEPHRITIDAE; and PSYCHODIDAE. The larval form of Diptera species are called maggots (see LARVA).

A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE). It can infect birds and mammals. In humans, it is seen most frequently in Africa, Asia, and Europe presenting as a silent infection or undifferentiated fever (WEST NILE FEVER). The virus appeared in North America for the first time in 1999. It is transmitted mainly by CULEX spp mosquitoes which feed primarily on birds, but it can also be carried by the Asian Tiger mosquito, AEDES albopictus, which feeds mainly on mammals.

The type species of the FLAVIVIRUS genus. Principal vector transmission to humans is by AEDES spp. mosquitoes.

An acute infectious disease primarily of the tropics, caused by a virus and transmitted to man by mosquitoes of the genera Aedes and Haemagogus.

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