Reducing threat responses to help-seeking information: Influences of self-affirmations and reassuring information.

08:00 EDT 15th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Reducing threat responses to help-seeking information: Influences of self-affirmations and reassuring information."

This research was an examination of the effects of two types of self-affirmation interventions in reducing threat responses associated with receiving help-seeking information. Help-seeking information can be threatening to one's positive self-perceptions and people may avoid seeking such information to protect themselves. There is evidence that reflecting on personal values (values affirmation) may bolster self-integrity and mitigate this avoidance, and it is possible that reflecting on safe, close social relationships (social affirmation) could exhibit similar effects. To experimentally examine this theoretical idea, we applied a 2 × 2 × 2 factorial design in the present study on 384 participants and experimentally manipulated their values affirmations (values affirmation vs. no values affirmation) and social affirmations (social affirmation vs. no social affirmation). In addition, because there is no consensus as to the most effective presentation of help-seeking information, the type of help-seeking information presented to potential help-seekers was also manipulated (reassuring help-seeking information vs. nonreassuring help-seeking information). Results indicated that values affirmation and reassuring information were linked to lower threat responses, but social affirmation was not. Values affirmation and reassuring information might be effective strategies for reducing threat responses associated with the presentation of psychological help-seeking information. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved).


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of counseling psychology
ISSN: 0022-0167


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [16197 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

When variety is not the spice of life: The influence of perceived relational self-threat on variety seeking in snack choices.

People often seek variety in food choices because they believe variety offers them many benefits such as giving them a chance to explore new foods while decreasing the likelihood of boredom from eatin...

Risk Information Seeking and Processing About Particulate Air Pollution in South Korea: The Roles of Cultural Worldview.

This study integrates cultural theory of risk into the risk information seeking and processing model in the context of particulate air pollution in South Korea. Specifically, it examines how cultural ...

Information seeking mechanism of neural populations in the lateral prefrontal cortex.

In addition to primary rewards such as food and water, humans continuously seek information in daily life. Whereas the neural mechanisms for processing primary rewards have been clarified in detail in...

Applying the Modified Comprehensive Model of Information Seeking to Online Health Information Seeking in the Context of India.

This study extends the Comprehensive Model of Information Seeking (CMIS) to online health information seeking in the context of India. This study considers the Internet (i.e., media) use an antecedent...

Health information in the digital age: an empirical study of the perceived benefits and costs of seeking and using health information from online sources.

This paper aims to explore the determinants of the online health information seeking (OHIS) and usage (OHIU) behaviours of consumers based on the perceived benefits and costs of such activities.

Clinical Trials [7119 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Effects of Cannabidiol on Marijuana-seeking in Humans

The purpose of the proposed study is to investigate the effectiveness of cannabidiol for reducing marijuana seeking in non-treatment seeking volunteers. Cannabidiol is a cannabinoid (simil...

Effects of Pre-Session Supplemental Hydromorphone on Drug Seeking Behavior in Opioid Dependent Individuals

The purpose of this study is to determine whether the opportunity to take free supplemental hydromorphone (HYD) influences drug seeking behavior in heroin dependent individuals.

Spider Phobia Opposite Action Treatment Study

This study tests the effectiveness of exposure therapy for fear of spiders as enhanced by the use of antagonistic or opposite actions during treatment. The goal of the study is to compare ...

Inflammation and Threat Sensitivity in PTSD

The overall goals of this study are to examine the relationship between chronic inflammation and threat and reward sensitivity, and to determine the effects of acute inflammation on threat...

Neural Mechanisms for Appetitive Responses to High Reward Foods

This study is aimed at understanding neuroendocrine responses to different types of sugars and how this influences feeding behavior among lean, obese and obesity prone individuals.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

How information is gathered in personal, academic or work environments and the resources used.

Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.

Information intended for potential users of medical and healthcare services. There is an emphasis on self-care and preventive approaches as well as information for community-wide dissemination and use.

Systematic organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of specialized information, especially of a scientific or technical nature (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983). It often involves authenticating or validating information.

Information that can be used to distinguish or trace an individual’s identity, either alone or when combined with other personal or identifying information that is linked or linkable to a specific individual.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article