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Longitudinal linkages between parenting stress and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms among Chinese children with ODD.

08:00 EDT 15th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Longitudinal linkages between parenting stress and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms among Chinese children with ODD."

Parents of children with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) experience considerable stress and challenges in parenting. Based on a 2-year, 3-wave longitudinal study of children with ODD (N = 243, mean age = 9.47 years, SD = 1.53; 72.8% boys) and their parents in Mainland China, our study examined the relation between 3 dimensions of parenting stress (i.e., Parental Distress, Parent-Child Dysfunctional Interaction, and Difficult Child) and their children's ODD symptoms. Using cross-lagged panel models, we tested the bidirectional relation between parenting stress and children's ODD symptoms. We found evidence for both parent-driven and child-driven effects. Specifically, Parent-Child Dysfunctional Interaction (PCDI) at T2 positively predicted children's ODD symptoms at T3. Moreover, children's ODD symptoms at T1 positively predicted parental perceptions of Difficult Child and PCDI at T2. Further, children's ODD symptoms at T2 positively predicted all 3 dimensions of parenting stress at T3. Further, multiple-group path analysis by child's gender suggested that PCDI had a significant negative relation with girls' (but not boys') ODD symptoms from T1 to T2 and had a significant positive relation with boys' (but not girls) ODD symptoms from T2 to T3. These findings provided support for the dynamic relations among parenting stress, parent-child interaction, and children's ODD symptoms and highlighted the different effects of child gender in the parent-child interaction process. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved).

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of family psychology : JFP : journal of the Division of Family Psychology of the American Psychological Association (Division 43)
ISSN: 1939-1293
Pages:

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Includes two similar disorders: oppositional defiant disorder and CONDUCT DISORDERS. Symptoms occurring in children with these disorders include: defiance of authority figures, angry outbursts, and other antisocial behaviors.

Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.

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The training or bringing-up of children by parents or parent-substitutes. It is used also for child rearing practices in different societies, at different economic levels, in different ethnic groups, etc. It differs from PARENTING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the child and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.

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