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Mutations in the GP1BA gene have been associated with platelet-type von Willebrand disease and Bernard-Soulier syndrome. Here, we report a novel GP1BA mutation in a family with autosomal dominant macrothrombocytopenia and mild bleeding. We performed analyses of seven family members. Using whole-exome sequencing of germline DNA samples, we identified a heterozygous single-nucleotide change in GP1BA (exone2:c.176T>G), encoding a p.Leu59Arg substitution in the N-terminal domain, segregating with macrothrombocytopenia. This variant has not been previously reported. We also analysed the structure of the detected sequence variant in silico. In particular, we used the crystal structure of the human platelet receptor GP Ibα N-terminal domain. Replacement of aliphatic amino-acid Leu 59 with charged, polar and larger arginine probably disrupts the protein structure. An autosomal dominant mode of inheritance, a family history of mild bleeding episodes, aggregation pattern in affected individuals together with evidence of mutation occurring in part of the GP1BA gene encoding the leucine-rich repeat region suggest a novel variant causing monoallelic Bernard-Soulier syndrome.
This article was published in the following journal.
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Genes encoding the different subunits of the IMMUNOGLOBULINS, for example the IMMUNOGLOBULIN LIGHT CHAIN GENES and the IMMUNOGLOBULIN HEAVY CHAIN GENES. The heavy and light immunoglobulin genes are present as gene segments in the germline cells. The completed genes are created when the segments are shuffled and assembled (B-LYMPHOCYTE GENE REARRANGEMENT) during B-LYMPHOCYTE maturation. The gene segments of the human light and heavy chain germline genes are symbolized V (variable), J (joining) and C (constant). The heavy chain germline genes have an additional segment D (diversity).
A transcriptional repressor protein that contains an N-terminal PR-SET domain, four C-terminal CYS2-HIS2 ZINC FINGERS, and binds the PRDI element in the INTERFERON-BETA gene. It has methyltransferase activity and mediates gene transcription in tissue-specific innate and adaptive immune lymphocyte T-CELLS, repressing expression of proteins that promote exit of these tissue-specific T-cell populations from non-lymphoid organs.
Mutation process that restores the wild-type PHENOTYPE in an organism possessing a mutationally altered GENOTYPE. The second "suppressor" mutation may be on a different gene, on the same gene but located at a distance from the site of the primary mutation, or in extrachromosomal genes (EXTRACHROMOSOMAL INHERITANCE).
An NLR protein that contains an N-terminal PYRIN DOMAIN and ATP-binding site and 9 C-terminal LEUCINE-rich repeats; it is expressed primarily by MACROPHAGES. It is a core component of the INFLAMMASOME and directs its assembly in response to pathogen infection and damage-associated stimuli. Mutations in the NLRP3 gene are associated with FAMILIAL COLD AUTOINFLAMMATORY SYNDROME.
A mutation that results in an increase in a gene's activity or in acquiring a new molecular function or a new pattern of gene expression.
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DNA sequencing is the process of determining the precise order of nucleotides within a DNA molecule. During DNA sequencing, the bases of a small fragment of DNA are sequentially identified from signals emitted as each fragment is re-synthesized from a ...