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Can Platelet Distribution Width Be Used to Predict the Possibility of Chronic Myeloproliferative Neoplasms?

08:00 EDT 17th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Can Platelet Distribution Width Be Used to Predict the Possibility of Chronic Myeloproliferative Neoplasms?"

Platelet distribution width (PDW) and mean platelet volume are markers of platelet activation and have prognostic value in coronary heart diseases, as well as in cancers of solid organs. In this study, we evaluated the possibility of using PDW to predict chronic myeloproliferative neoplasms by comparing platelet indices obtained by automated analyzers in chronic myeloproliferative neoplasms with those in control specimens. We found that PDW greater than 66.4% has specificity of 99% and likelihood ratio of 19.5 for predicting chronic myeloproliferative neoplasms. Also, the area under curve (AUC) for platelet distribution width is 0.68.

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Name: Laboratory medicine
ISSN: 1943-7730
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative disorder characterized by myelodysplasia associated with bone marrow and peripheral blood patterns similar to CHRONIC MYELOID LEUKEMIA, but cytogenetically lacking a PHILADELPHIA CHROMOSOME or bcr/abl fusion gene (GENES, ABL).

Clonal myeloid disorders that possess both dysplastic and proliferative features but are not properly classified as either MYELODYSPLASTIC SYNDROMES or MYELOPROLIFERATIVE DISORDERS.

A leukemia affecting young children characterized by SPLENOMEGALY, enlarged lymph nodes, rashes, and hemorrhages. Traditionally classed as a myeloproliferative disease, it is now considered a mixed myeloproliferative-mylelodysplastic disorder.

A myelodysplastic-myeloproliferative disease characterized by monocytosis, increased monocytes in the bone marrow, variable degrees of dysplasia, but an absence of immature granulocytes in the blood.

A rare myeloproliferative disorder that is characterized by a sustained, mature neutrophilic leukocytosis. No monocytosis, EOSINOPHILIA, or basophilia is present, nor is there a PHILADELPHIA CHROMOSOME or bcr-abl fusion gene (GENES, ABL).

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