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Unveiling the olfactory proteostatic disarrangement in Parkinson's disease by proteome-wide profiling.

08:00 EDT 25th September 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Unveiling the olfactory proteostatic disarrangement in Parkinson's disease by proteome-wide profiling."

Olfactory dysfunction is one of the earliest features in Lewy-type alpha-synucleinopathies (LTSs) such as Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the underlying molecular mechanisms associated to smell impairment are poorly understood. Applying mass spectrometry-based quantitative proteomics in postmortem olfactory bulbs across limbic, early-neocortical, and neocortical LTS stages of parkinsonian patients, a proteostasis impairment, was observed, identifying 268 differentially expressed proteins between controls and PD phenotypes. In addition, network-driven proteomics revealed a modulation in ERK1/2, MKK3/6, and PDK1/PKC signaling axes. Moreover, a cross-disease study of selected olfactory molecules in sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD) cases revealed different protein derangements in the modulation of secretagogin (SCGN), calcyclin-binding protein (CACYBP), and glucosamine 6 phosphate isomerase 2 (GNPDA2) between PD and AD. An inverse correlation between GNPDA2 and α-synuclein protein levels was also reflected in PD cerebrospinal fluid. Interestingly, PD patients exhibited significantly lower serum GNPDA2 levels than controls (n = 82/group). Our study provides important avenues for understanding the olfactory bulb proteostasis imbalance in PD, deciphering mechanistic clues to the equivalent smell deficits observed in AD and PD pathologies.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Neurobiology of aging
ISSN: 1558-1497
Pages: 123-134

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Set of nerve fibers conducting impulses from olfactory receptors to the cerebral cortex. It includes the OLFACTORY NERVE; OLFACTORY BULB; olfactory tract, olfactory tubercle, anterior perforated substance, and olfactory cortex. The term rhinencephalon is restricted to structures in the CNS receiving fibers from the olfactory bulb.

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Ovoid body resting on the cribriform plate of the ethmoid bone where the olfactory nerve terminates. The olfactory bulb contains several types of nerve cells including the mitral cells, on whose dendrites the olfactory nerve synapses, forming the olfactory glomeruli. The accessory olfactory bulb, which receives the projection from the VOMERONASAL ORGAN via the vomeronasal nerve, is also included here.

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