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Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), and its product nitric oxide (NO), are vital components critical for the control of vasomotor function and cardiovascular homeostasis. In the present review, we will take a deep dive into eNOS enzymology, function and mechanisms regulating endothelial NO. The mechanisms regulating eNOS and NO synthesis discussed herein include alterations to transcriptional, post-translational modifications and protein-protein regulations. Moreover, we will discuss the phenotypes associated with various eNOS mutants and the consequences of a disrupted eNOS/NO cascade highlighting the importance of eNOS function and vascular homeostasis.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: British journal of pharmacology
Urothelial cell carcinoma (UCC), a major malignancy of the genitourinary tract, is induced through carcinogenic etiological factors. Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) is one of the major isofor...
Freshly isolated endothelial cells from both conduit arteries and microvasculature were used to test the hypothesis that eNOS protein content and nitric oxide production in coronary endothelial cells ...
Whether endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) polymorphisms are implicated in cancer development remains controversial. Therefore, we performed this study to obtain a more conclusive result on asso...
Catalpol ameliorates advanced glycation end product-induced dysfunction of glomerular endothelial cells via regulating nitric oxide synthesis by inducible nitric oxide synthase and endothelial nitric oxide synthase.
Catalpol (Cat.) is an iridoid glucoside extracted from the root of Rehmannia glutinosa Libosch. In this study, we investigated whether Cat. could protect the mouse glomerular endothelial cells against...
Decreased nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability plays a critical role in the pathophysiology of preeclampsia (PE). Recent evidence indicates that S-glutathionylation may occur on the endothelial nitric ox...
Endothelial dysfunction, or abnormal functioning of the lining of blood vessels, appears to be a key process in the development of cardiovascular disease. Endothelial dysfunction appears t...
Nitric oxide (NO) is a potent endothelium-derived vasodilatator that plays a major role in the control of ocular blood flow. Endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) is one of three isoforms of NOS ...
Patients with chronic kidney disease and albuminuria are at increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease which is often associated with hypertension, left ventricular hypertrophy, e...
Bradykinin has been identified to contribute to the release of nitric oxide (NO), prostacyclin, and EDHF through activation of specific bradykinin 2 (B2) receptors, which is finally promot...
This study is an ancillary (add-on) study to the clinical trial entitled "Effect of Nitric Oxide in Cardiac Surgery Patients With Endothelial Dysfunction", which has Clinical Trials.gov id...
A CALCIUM-dependent, constitutively-expressed form of nitric oxide synthase found primarily in ENDOTHELIAL CELLS.
A CALCIUM-dependent, constitutively-expressed form of nitric oxide synthase found primarily in NERVE TISSUE.
A CALCIUM-independent subtype of nitric oxide synthase that may play a role in immune function. It is an inducible enzyme whose expression is transcriptionally regulated by a variety of CYTOKINES.
A free radical gas produced endogenously by a variety of mammalian cells, synthesized from ARGININE by NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE. Nitric oxide is one of the ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDENT RELAXING FACTORS released by the vascular endothelium and mediates VASODILATION. It also inhibits platelet aggregation, induces disaggregation of aggregated platelets, and inhibits platelet adhesion to the vascular endothelium. Nitric oxide activates cytosolic GUANYLATE CYCLASE and thus elevates intracellular levels of CYCLIC GMP.
An NADPH-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of L-ARGININE and OXYGEN to produce CITRULLINE and NITRIC OXIDE.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) Blood Cardiovascular Dialysis Hypertension Stent Stroke Vascular Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes all the diseases of the heart and circulation including coronary heart disease (angina...
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...