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Accurate source localization of electroencephalographic (EEG) signals requires detailed information about the geometry and physical properties of head tissues. Indeed, these strongly influence the propagation of neural activity from the brain to the sensors. Finite difference methods (FDMs) are head modelling approaches relying on volumetric data information, which can be directly obtained using magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. The specific goal of this study is to develop a computationally efficient FDM solution that can flexibly integrate voxel-wise conductivity and anisotropy information. Given the high computational complexity of FDMs, we pay particular attention to attain a very low numerical error, as evaluated using exact analytical solutions for spherical volume conductor models. We then demonstrate the computational efficiency of our FDM numerical solver, by comparing it with alternative solutions. Finally, we apply the developed head modelling tool to high-resolution MR images from a real experimental subject, to demonstrate the potential added value of incorporating detailed voxel-wise conductivity and anisotropy information. Our results clearly show that the developed FDM can contribute to a more precise head modelling, and therefore to a more reliable use of EEG as a brain imaging tool.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Brain topography
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Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.
Experience-based techniques for problem-solving, learning, and discovery that find a solution which is not guaranteed to be optimal, but sufficient for a given set of goals.
Hypertonic sodium chloride solution. A solution having an osmotic pressure greater than that of physiologic salt solution (0.9 g NaCl in 100 ml purified water).
Collections of facts, assumptions, beliefs, and heuristics that are used in combination with databases to achieve desired results, such as a diagnosis, an interpretation, or a solution to a problem (From McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed).
Culture media containing biologically active components obtained from previously cultured cells or tissues that have released into the media substances affecting certain cell functions (e.g., growth, lysis).