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PD-L1 methylation regulates PD-L1 expression and is associated with melanoma survival.

08:00 EDT 21st October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "PD-L1 methylation regulates PD-L1 expression and is associated with melanoma survival."

The aim of this study is to determine the significance of programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1 or CD274) methylation in relation to PD-L1 expression and survival in melanoma. Despite the clinical importance of therapies targeting the PD-1/PD-L1 immune checkpoint in melanoma, factors regulating PD-L1 expression, including epigenetic mechanisms, are not completely understood. In this study, we examined PD-L1 promoter methylation in relation to PD-L1 expression and overall survival in melanoma patients. Our results suggest that DNA methylation regulates PD-L1 expression in melanoma, and we identify the key methylated CpG loci in the PD-L1 promoter, establish PD-L1 methylation as an independent survival prognostic factor, provide proof-of-concept for altering PD-L1 expression by hypomethylating agents, and uncover that PD-L1 methylation is associated with an interferon-signaling transcriptional phenotype. Based on our findings, measuring and altering PD-L1 promoter DNA methylation may have potential prognostic and therapeutic applications in melanoma. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Pigment cell & melanoma research
ISSN: 1755-148X
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