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Nanoscale Bupivacaine Formulations to Enhance the Duration and Safety of Intravenous Regional Anesthesia.

08:00 EDT 23rd October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Nanoscale Bupivacaine Formulations to Enhance the Duration and Safety of Intravenous Regional Anesthesia."

Intravenous regional anesthesia (IVRA; Bier block) is commonly used to anesthetize an extremity for surgery. Limitations of the procedure include pain from the required tourniquet, the toxicity that can occur from systemic release of local anesthetics, and the lack of postoperative pain relief. We hypothesized that the nanoencapsulation of the local anesthetic would prolong local anesthesia and enhance safety. Here, we developed a ~15 nm micellar bupivacaine formulation (M-Bup) and tested it in a rat tail vein IVRA model, in which active agents were restricted in the tail by a tourniquet for 15 min. After tourniquet removal, M-Bup provided local anesthesia for 4.5 h, which was two times longer than that from a larger dose of free bupivacaine. ~100 nm liposomal bupivacaine (L-Bup) with the same drug dose as M-Bup did not cause anesthesia. Blood levels of bupivacaine after tourniquet removal were lower in animals receiving M-Bup than L-Bup or free bupivacaine, demonstrating enhanced safety. Tissue reaction to M-Bup was benign.

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Name: ACS nano
ISSN: 1936-086X
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A local anesthetic and cardiac depressant used as an antiarrhythmia agent. Its actions are more intense and its effects more prolonged than those of procaine but its duration of action is shorter than that of bupivacaine or prilocaine.

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Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.

An intravenous anesthetic that has been used for rapid induction of anesthesia and for maintenance of anesthesia of short duration. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p918)

Planning for health resources at a regional or multi-state level.

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