Advertisement

Topics

Electrophysiological correlates of active suppression and attentional selection in preview visual search.

08:00 EDT 22nd October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Electrophysiological correlates of active suppression and attentional selection in preview visual search."

Advance preview of a subset of distractor objects improves the efficiency of visual search performance, but the causes and mechanisms of such preview benefits remain unclear. Here, we employed event-related potential (ERP) markers of the selective processing of preview displays and full search displays in lateralised preview search tasks where only one side of the search displays was task-relevant. Preview displays elicited a sustained positivity contralateral to the relevant side (P component), indicative of the active suppression of distractor objects on this side. Lateralised ERP components to full search displays revealed qualitative differences between attentional selection processes on preview as compared to no-preview trials. When search displays were preceded by preview displays, attention was directly allocated to target objects, while distractors remained unattended. When all search display objects were presented simultaneously (no-preview), attention was directed non-selectively to objects on the task-relevant side, even when no target was present. These results suggest that behavioural preview effects in visual search can be accounted for by the inhibition of previewed distractors, and the subsequent rapid attentional selection of target objects on preview trials.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Neuropsychologia
ISSN: 1873-3514
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [13863 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Visual Working Memory Load Disrupts Template-guided Attentional Selection during Visual Search.

Mental representations of target features (attentional templates) control the selection of candidate target objects in visual search. The question where templates are maintained remains controversial....

The effects of working memory load on visual awareness and its electrophysiological correlates.

Consciousness and working memory (WM) have been thought to be closely related, but their exact relationship has remained unclear. The present study focused on the question whether visual awareness, th...

Effects of age and visual attention demands on optokinetic nystagmus suppression.

The utility of optokinetic nystagmus suppression as an index of visual attention has been demonstrated; however, a gap exists in our understanding of the effects of aging on attentional division. The ...

Visual attention is not deployed at the endpoint of averaging saccades.

The premotor theory of attention postulates that spatial attention arises from the activation of saccade areas and that the deployment of attention is the consequence of motor programming. Yet attenti...

Occluded information is restored at preview but not during visual search.

Objects often appear with some amount of occlusion. We fill in missing information using local shape features even before attending to those objects-a process called amodal completion. Here we explore...

Clinical Trials [5938 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Electrophysiological Evaluation of Voluntary Attention

Aim : To assess the ability of healthy subjects and patients with a severe motor disability to voluntary control their attention Material and Methods: Population: healthy subjects,...

Usability of the PreView PHP for Home Use in Intermediate AMD Patients

To demonstrate the ability of intermediate AMD subjects to follow the instructions for use and properly operate on their own the Preview PHP in home use environment, after going through tr...

PreView PHP Preferential Hyperacuity Perimeter for the Detection of Choroidal Neovascularization

The primary objective of this study is to assess the ability of the PreView PHP(study device)to detect newly diagnosed non-treated Choroidal Neovascularization (CNV)lesion associate with a...

Electrophysiological Study of the Functioning of Magnocellular Visual Pathway in Regular Cannabis Users

This study will evaluate the impact of regular use of cannabis on the spatial sensitivity of magnocellular system (visual event-related potential, visual ERP). Secondary purposes of this ...

Movement Error-processes and Sensorimotor Adaptation in Parkinsonian Patient

The aim of the present project is to document the relationship between the behavioral deficits and the electrophysiological anomalies observed in PD patients in tasks involving motor adapt...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Temporary visual deficit or impaired visual processing occurring in a rapid serial visual presentation task. After a person identifies the first of two visual targets, the ability to detect the second target is impaired for the next few hundred milliseconds. This phenomenon is called attentional blink.

A family of predominantly nuclear proteins that regulate gene transcription and protein degradation. The expansion of CAG trinucleotide repeats in genes that encode Ataxins is associated with SPINOCEREBELLAR ATAXIAS (SCA). In SCA patients, the number of CAG repeats correlates with the severity of disease and inversely correlates with the age of disease onset.

Reciprocal action of two vertebrate photoreceptor cells (RODS AND CONES). Rod-cone interaction occurs during MESOPIC VISION in which both rods and cones are active in light transduction to the VISUAL CORTEX. Such interaction can influence visual sensitivity and luminous efficiency.

Adverse of favorable selection bias exhibited by insurers or enrollees resulting in disproportionate enrollment of certain groups of people.

An increased focus or awareness of certain stimuli over others, which influence behavior.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article